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【教養兒女】喜出望外

 

行走在神信心的旅程上,必然會發現神的恩典實在是超過我們所求所想的。就如保羅在以弗所書3:20所說:「神能照著運行在我們心裡的大力,充充足足地成就一切超過我們所求所想的。」多少人為了個人的前途、家庭的建立、穩定、生兒育女等等,一輩子愁煩、籌劃,結果常常弄巧反拙,生命中的決定一錯再錯。有些人還會怨天尤人。其實單純地仰望神﹐走信心的道路,是何等地蒙福,平靜安穩,輕鬆愉快,水到渠成!順服神並非是限制自己,苦待自己,乃是相信神比我們全知、全能。

拿俄米和路得這一對婆媳,雖然背景差距很大,人生際遇很壞,前途渺茫,舉目無親,淪落異鄉。但是一個在走投無路的時候,只知道回到她所離開了的真神,另外一個願意離開自己所敬拜的偶像,歸向真神,跟婆婆一同走信心的旅程。結果不但兩人建立了溫馨美好的關係,更加喜出望外地見到神所賜的恩上加恩。

路得本來只希望波阿斯可以把她安排在他的婢女裡面,讓她有個棲身之處﹐哪知道波阿斯竟然娶她為妻﹐霎時間成為一個財主家庭的主母!她和瑪倫這個病夫結婚十年,也沒有懷孕。波阿斯應該又是上了年紀﹐生孩子的機會應該是相當地微小﹐誰知道竟然很快就生了一個兒子!「於是,波阿斯娶了路得為妻,與她同房。耶和華使她懷孕生了一個兒子。婦人們對拿俄米說,耶和華是應當稱頌的﹐因為今日沒有撇下你﹐使你無至近的親屬。願這孩子在以色列中得名聲。(路得記4: 13 -14)

耶和華

拿俄米回到神的家﹐是因為聽見耶和華眷顧祂的百姓;路得跟從婆婆﹐是因為相信婆婆的神耶和華。她們一路都是見証了耶和華的帶領、供應和保護。拿俄米的兩個媳婦,一個離棄神,一個不認識神的時候,十年都沒得生育。現在年紀大多了,反而一下子就生了一個兒子。正如詩篇127:3所說:「兒女是耶和華所賜的產業﹐所懷的胎是他所給的賞賜。」現代人一方面把好好的胎兒打掉,另一方面又有人千方百計想要生個孩子。所謂人工受孕,借腹生子,受盡痛苦,也不一定生得出來。生下來也不一定是一個恩典。但是既然是耶和華使她生產的,這個孩子一定不會是敗家子的,反而是有名聲的。

孩子

「他必提起你的精神,奉養你的老,因為是愛慕你的那兒婦所生的。有這兒婦比有七個兒子還好。拿俄米就把孩子抱在懷中,作他的養母。鄰舍的婦人說,拿俄米得孩子了。就給孩子起名叫俄備得。」(路得記4:15-17)

「提起你的精神」﹐原文與詩篇23:3的「祂使我的靈魂蘇醒」是同樣的意思。一個好孩子就像一個小天使,不單單會安慰大人的心,也會提醒大人在軟弱的時候回到神的面前。聰明的父母親,甚至祖父母,要欣賞這樣的孩子。歡然接受他的提醒,也要謝謝他。「奉養你的老」的動詞是希伯來文的一個特別形式,表示重複性的行動。意思是指不是一個一次性的供應,乃是重重複複地供應。在拿俄米年老的時候,這孩子也會有行動性的關懷,「因為是愛慕你的那兒婦所生的」。很多婆婆對媳婦態度敵視,收到的惡果是孫子的反感。無論如何,媳婦總是孫輩的媽媽。若對孫輩的媽媽沒有愛,關係不好,孩子立刻就看得出來。老人家無論如何用盡方法想要討好孫子,總是勝不過人家母子情深。在一般的家庭裡面,婆婆是這個家庭男主人的媽媽﹐拿俄米卻不是。但是拿俄米和路得卻是彼此相愛的﹐這個孩子自然會感覺到的。婦人們對路得的評價:「有這兒婦比有七個兒子還好」﹐看起來有一點誇張,不過聖經沒有提到路得生了俄備得之後,有沒有再生孩子﹐但是路得確實是一個寶﹐她毫無異議地讓拿俄米把孩子抱去,當做自己的孩子養育。「俄備得」﹐原文的字根是「服侍」﹐他長大起來一定會服侍他的祖母的。

家譜

路得記最後是家譜﹐原來是大衛王一個這麼重要人物的家譜。延伸下去,在馬太福音第一章,這也是彌賽亞主耶穌基督的家譜!俄備得是大衛的祖父﹐拿俄米和路得會不會見到大衛生下來,我們不知道。但是這個恩典和地位,自然是不能夠抹殺掉的。

「法勒斯的後代,記在下面:法勒斯生希斯侖﹐希斯侖生蘭;蘭生亞米拿達﹐亞米拿達生拿順;拿順生撒門﹐撒門生波阿斯,波阿斯生俄備得;俄備得生耶西,耶西生大衛。」(路得記4:18-22)

這個家譜有三個女祖先是外邦人﹐那就是法勒斯的媽媽,迦南女子他瑪﹔波阿斯的媽媽,耶利哥妓女拉哈﹔和俄備得的媽媽,摩押人路得。這些女子本來都是不應該加入以色列族的﹐她們的進來是人的錯誤,但是神看中她們的信心,竟然在大衛王和彌賽亞的體系裡面有分!這是神奇妙的揀選,也是配合了人的信心。這個信心之旅最終確實叫人喜出望外。

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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