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【問得好】為何人一定要信耶穌才能得救?

 

今日的世界是接納多元化文化的世界﹐尤其是對宗教的看法﹐不少人說條條大路通羅馬。然而﹐基督教信仰指出人一定要信耶穌才能得救﹐原因何在?

得救指甚麼?

自從人類的始祖亞當夏娃犯罪後﹐罪進入了世界﹐聖經羅馬書清楚指出「世人都犯了罪」﹐而罪的結局就是死亡﹐最後也因為罪的緣故與上帝隔絕被丟進地獄去。基督信仰卻帶給人類好消息﹐上帝親自降世為人﹐就是主耶穌基督﹐祂成為代罪羔羊﹐為人類的罪過被釘死在十字架上﹐親自擔當了罪的刑罰﹐並且死後三天復活﹐得勝了死亡。故此﹐凡接受主耶穌基督為救主的人﹐都可得蒙赦罪的恩典。

聖經歌羅西書1:14說:「我們在愛子(主耶穌基督)裡得蒙救贖,罪過得以赦免。」羅馬書 8:2 又說:「因為賜生命聖靈的律,在基督耶穌裡釋放了我,使我脫離罪和死的律了。」人因著信靠主耶穌基督就可以得到永生﹐即得著一個永遠可以與上帝同在的豐盛生命﹐死後並且可以到天堂去﹐得蒙上帝的拯救。

人不能解決罪孽

當人犯罪之後﹐人想盡辦法要去除內心的罪咎感﹐盡力不去犯罪﹐並且想去得勝罪惡。然而﹐自古以來﹐沒有一個生下來的人敢說他沒有罪過﹐俗語也說聖賢也有過錯。昔日有一個人名叫保羅﹐他曾說:「就律法上的義說,我是無可指摘的。」(腓立比書3:6)他所指的律法是猶太人幾百條的律法﹐能夠無可指摘﹐按當時社會來說是一等好人﹐但當他認識基督信仰後﹐他說︰「在罪人中我是個罪魁。」(提摩太前書1:15)因為他認識到罪不單是指不遵守社會律法的事﹐乃是沒有達到上帝創造人時真善美的要求﹐包括良心不安的事、不合體統的言語行為、不對的態度與歪念。

聖經多處提到人有的過犯與罪惡﹐這裡不能一一詳說﹐例如主耶穌在馬太福音5:22說:「可是我告訴你們,凡是向弟兄發怒的,都要被判罪。誰若罵弟兄:『你這蠢貨!(蠢貨:是亞蘭文侮辱別人的用語)』,就要被公議會判罪;誰若罵:『你這白痴!』,就罪該送入烈火的地獄。」在馬太福音12:36 說:「我又告訴你們,凡人所說的閒話,當審判的日子,必要句句供出來。」又在馬太福音5:28說:「只是我告訴你們,凡看見婦女就動淫念的,這人心裡已經與她犯姦淫了。」

聖經說:「人從小時心裡懷著惡念。」(創世記8:21)如果上帝要審判我們的罪孽﹐我們是無可遁形的﹐我們從年少到老、從頭到腳、思想言語行為的過犯﹐數算加起來也許正如詩人大衛所說:「我知道我的過犯;我的罪常在我面前。」(詩篇51:3)他甚至說:「我的罪孽高過我的頭,如同重擔叫我擔當不起。」(詩38:4)每個人一生的過犯實很多﹐需要主耶穌的救恩。

人不能行全善

人的問題不單有很多的過犯﹐人也不能行全善。很多人很多宗教不斷教導人要行善﹐但人自知很多時候知善而不行﹐又或者行不出來。主耶穌的門徒保羅坦然的承認:「我也知道,在我裡頭,就是我肉體之中,沒有良善。因為,立志為善由得我,只是行出來由不得我。故此,我所願意的善,我反不做;我所不願意的惡,我倒去做。」(羅馬書7:18-19)

天堂是一個完全的地方﹐完全的人才有資格進去﹐所以很多人不敢說自己所行的善足以使自己有資格上天堂。聖經說:「就如經上所記:沒有義人,連一個也沒有。沒有明白的;沒有尋求 上帝的;都是偏離正路,一同變為無用。沒有行善的,連一個也沒有。」(羅馬書3:10-12) 況且雅各書2:10說:「因為凡遵守全律法的,只在一條上跌倒,他就是犯了眾條。」又說:「人若知道行善,卻不去行,這就是他的罪了。」(雅各書4:17)

主耶穌來拯救我們﹐祂既擔當了我們的罪﹐我們可以因著相信及接受祂為救主﹐就被稱為義。聖經說:「上帝設立耶穌作挽回祭(贖罪祭),是憑著耶穌的血,藉著人的信,要顯明上帝的義;因為祂用忍耐的心寬容人先時所犯的罪,好在今時顯明祂的義,使人知道祂自己為義,也稱信耶穌的人為義。既是這樣,哪裡能誇口呢?沒有可誇的了。用何法沒有的呢?是用立功(憑行為)之法嗎?不是,乃用信主之法。」(羅馬書3:25-27)

人不能勝過死亡

人有罪的結果就是死亡﹐羅馬書6:23說:「罪的工價乃是死。」歷世歷代以來﹐人沒有辦法勝過死﹐即使今天人用盡各樣的方法去保養、保健﹐但始終都要面對死亡。人面對死亡是何等的無奈﹐更可怕的是人死後不知道往哪裡去﹐按上文說人不完美就不能到天堂去﹐結局就是地獄。

大部份的宗教都提到地獄的存在﹐說明它的可信性。聖經馬可福音9:48說:「在那裡,蟲是不死的,火是不滅的。」地獄是真實的﹐顯明上帝的公義﹐因為有罪就要接受刑罰﹐這是公義。上帝也是聖潔的﹐有罪的人、不完美的人不能親近祂﹐故此人似乎是絕望的。但感謝上帝的愛﹐祂差派主耶穌基督來就是要拯救我們。

希伯來書2:14-15說:「兒女既同有血肉之體,祂(主耶穌)也照樣親自成了血肉之體,特要藉著死敗壞那掌死權的,就是魔鬼,並要釋放那些一生因怕死而為奴僕的人。」人本在魔鬼掌控之下﹐但主耶穌來拯救我們﹐祂為我們而死﹐第三天卻從死裡復活﹐祂得勝了死亡﹐使我們有盼望。

親愛的朋友﹐詩篇32:1說:「得赦免其過、遮蓋其罪的,這人是有福的!」聖經中又說:「我將這些話寫給你們信奉上帝兒子之名的人,要叫你們知道自己有永生。」(約翰一書 5:13)上帝是一位極愛世人的上帝﹐聖經說:「上帝愛世人,甚至將祂的獨生子(主耶穌)賜給他們,叫一切信祂的,不致滅亡,反得永生。」(約翰福音3:16)

主耶穌是人類的救主與盼望﹐祂說:「我又賜給他們永生;他們永不滅亡,誰也不能從我手裡把他們奪去。」(約翰福音10:28)世界上你還能找到另一位像主耶穌的救主嗎?找不到!快來相信接受救主耶穌基督﹐何必滅亡呢!

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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