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【小基督大世界】「豬」的聯想

 

Pig2019 年是華人的豬年,可是在農曆豬年還未到來,「豬」就因非洲豬瘟危機,而在世界許多地區鬧得沸沸揚揚的。疫情爆發後不到 5 個月,中國好幾個省份就接續傳出疫情。

華人是全球飼養豬隻最多的,根據世界糧食組織的統計,在 2010 年底,全世界家豬約為 9.65 億頭。其中,中國境內的家豬為 4.76 億頭,佔總數 49%,為全世界第一。根據台灣行政院農業委員會 2018 年 7 月的報告,台閩地區毛豬飼養總頭數 539.7 萬頭。在華人的世界裡,普遍視豬為食用的家畜,倘若少了豬肉,將不再有東坡肉、金華火腿、紅燒獅子頭、叉燒包、 紅燒豬蹄、粉蒸排骨藕、佛跳牆等名菜,華人的飲食文化肯定會失色不少。

台灣口蹄疫專家賴秀穗榮譽教授說:「非洲豬瘟病毒是豬的愛滋病毒」。賴教授進一部說明,病毒主要侵害豬體內的免疫細胞,破壞免疫系統,導致免疫力失調不全,導致豬隻死亡。所以豬瘟若失去控制,在全球廣泛蔓延,對全球經濟上的影響將是極巨大的。

中文裡與豬有關的成語不少,比如:豚蹄穰田、牧豬奴戲、老虎借豬,相公借書、殺豬教子、豬狗不如、遼東之豬、豬突豨勇、指豬罵狗、豕突狼奔、肥豬拱門、泥豬瓦狗、豬突豨勇、豬羊變色、豬朋狗友...... 等等,而且多半都是以負面的方式來陳述豬。一般人對豬的印象就是貪吃肥胖,又笨又懶,喜歡在骯髒的泥裡滾。讓我們在這裡為豬平反一下。豬由於沒有汗腺,才會在泥漿中打滾以便讓身體保持涼爽,豬會去泥裡滾,是不得已的,實際上豬是很愛乾淨又友善的動物。在動物智力排行榜裡,豬可是榜上前十名呢!有動物專家指出,豬可能是已知圈養動物中最聰明,同時也是最愛乾淨的,其愛乾淨的程度甚至超過貓和狗,豬的行為和人或狗比較接近。看到這裡,您是否對豬有不同的看法呢?

在聖經裡也有提到豬。在舊約聖經裡將豬定為不潔的食物(利未記十一7-8;申命記十四8)﹐直至如今許多猶太人仍然遵守舊約律法的要求,嚴禁吃豬。在初期的教會裡很多人不吃豬,因為當時有不少基督徒的民族身分是猶太人,生活習慣也是猶太人,只是信仰身分因接受了耶穌的救恩,成為基督徒而有所不同,但他們遵循舊法不吃豬肉。有些人也堅持非猶太人若要信耶穌,也要守猶太人律法,不吃不潔淨的食物。

新約聖經裡提到有一次耶穌的門徒彼得住在一個人家裡,在中午時上房頂去禱告。那家的人正預備飯的時候,彼得魂遊象外,看見天開了,有一物降下,好像一塊大布,繫着四角,縋在地上。裡面有地上各樣四足的走獸和昆蟲,並天上的飛鳥。又有聲音向他說:「彼得,起來,宰了吃!」彼得卻說:「主啊,這是不可的!凡俗物和不潔淨的物,我從來沒有吃過。」第二次有聲音向他說:「神所潔淨的,你不可當作俗物。」這樣一連三次,那物隨即收回天上去了(使徒行傳十9-16)。

神在這裡要彼得打破舊有的傳統,讓他知道現在是新約時代,耶穌基督的寶血已經為我們潔淨一切,祂的救恩要普及萬邦,舊約裡那些只適用於猶太人的飲食習慣,根本不涉及現今的信仰原則。神要我們明白吃或不吃舊約中屬不潔淨的動物(包括豬),皆與信仰無關。從此,全球基督徒不再受飲食規條約束。雖是如此,我們還是不要吃生的肉為妙,因為豬肉裡面含有豬旋毛蟲,必須在高溫 100 度下烹煮 10 分鐘以上才能殺死,但只要烹調合宜,大家也可放心吃沒有被病毒感染,乾淨的豬肉。

求神保守,不讓這次豬瘟的蔓延範圍繼續擴大,也希望養豬人家能加強維持豬圈的清潔。豬本身不髒,是管理豬圈的養豬人家沒有好好管裡豬圈﹐採取好的防疫措施。也希望各國能加強對豬疫的防護,一般大眾不要心存僥倖,恣意私帶肉食品進出不同國家,加速瘟疫的蔓延。

「豬」的聯想就到此。預祝大家豬年蒙恩,愛主更深!

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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