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【職場上的祭司】基督教信仰:七個高效能思維(五)

 

以終為始: 「神贏」思維

在職場上許多人都會有「不是你死,就是我亡」或「人不為己天誅地滅」的想法,於是會出現爾虞我詐的情況,可稱之為「狼文化」,而 2010 年深圳富士康有 12 名年齡介乎 18 至 24 歲的員工相繼跳樓自殺,有人認為這乃是企業狼文化的結果。有見於這種思維模式只會帶來短暫的利益,長遠的結果是傷害關係,破壞信任,對生意、公司是有百害而無一利。於是許多的管理學家提出「雙贏的思維」,而美國著名暢銷書《與成功有約:7個高效能習慣》的作者 Stephen Covey* 是其中之一。他在其書中,提出要有雙贏的思維。

雙贏的思維就是先從性格開始,要有誠信、有勇氣去表達自己的情感與信念,而同時能體諒對方的情感與想法,相信在外邊還有無限的機會(藍海),以致不執著於眼前是否「贏」,正正因有這種雙贏的性格,於是建立出雙贏的關係,就是以開放的心態溝通,互相學習、彼此瞭解,找到最好的合作模式,最後制定出雙贏的協議、系統和程序。

這種雙贏的思維比對於只顧自己的利益當然是更勝一籌,只是當基督徒仔細思想一下,不難發現其危險性,護教學者 Ravi Zacharias 指出:「當自私和自我膨漲成為共同目標時,後果是不堪設想的」。在聖經《創世記》11章中記載著當時人類的口音言語都是一樣的,他們彼此商量要建造一座城和一座通天的塔,為要傳揚他們的名 (背後動機是要挑戰上帝的權威) 和免得他們分散在全地上(目的是建立自己的安全感),上帝因此就把人類的語言變成一萬多種,令這個計劃沒法實行。同樣,聯合的邪惡也是同樣可怕,讓筆者想到上世紀的兩次大戰,都是因國家的利益聯合起來,攻打吞併殺害非聯盟國,造成生靈塗炭;也有些政府與財團或官員與官員之間的合謀,屈枉正直、壟斷市場或對小商戶或平民不公,為何明明是雙贏的思維卻帶來破壞性的影響?問題的核心不是這理論不完備,而是忽略了罪的摧毀能力。

因此,在職場中要雙贏就必須包涵基督教的信仰價值觀,以「神贏思維」處理事務,以達致美好的果效。筆者嘗試以尼希米的生命見證,闡釋「神贏思維」,就是以天國為念,活出天國文化,實踐信仰。

mpm• 靠禱告 化紛爭
尼希米深信神的應許不落空,從要見王,到仇敵阻撓,到要鼓勵推動以色列人,他都是以禱告,回到神面前求問主,支取力量,禱告成為他生活的其中一個重要的部分。筆者記得在之前的服侍機構中,有段時間與上司對某些事情的看法是南轅北轍,筆者只是不斷地禱告,上司忽然有一天問筆者是否為她祈禱,她的想法改變了。

• 發熱心 擔責任

尼希米知道耶路撒冷城牆被毀,同胞飽受凌辱時,不單只是悲哭,更願意與民一起承認過錯得罪神;積極地負擔重建的使命—包括放棄俸祿,將積蓄宴請建城牆的民眾,並親自監工。職場上犯了錯誤時,許多人會推卸責任,司徒永富博士曾經有一次因手文之誤,開支票給員工時多計了薪金給某位員工,該員工不肯退回,而最後司徒博士覺得自己應該承擔這些錯誤,而自掏腰包付了多給的工資。

• 看遠象 善計劃

當尼希米得到王的好意之後,他不但求王賜下詔書,讓他可以順利通過各省,方便行動,更進一步,當他想到耶路撒冷工作的需要,也求王賜下詔書給園林管理的人,以便獲得必需的材料作城門的横梁和城墻。 前香港施達基金會總幹事陳念聰醫生,他原是眼科醫生,他在 1993 -99 年與太太(物理治療師) 去到戰亂中的阿富汗進行醫療援助之餘,他們同時在當地訓練大批人才承接醫療工作,七年過後,他們就能安心離開 。

• 用人長 樂團隊

當尼希米開展工作時,他作出詳盡的工作分配計劃,把城牆先分成很多段路,按逆時針方向, 由南至北,將城牆的工作計劃分妥當;交由超過十組人分工,指派不同人負責不同段的修造 工程的督工,一段一段來處理。除了按照不同的組織(如大祭司、祭司、利未人等)來分工外,他還依照百姓的職業來分配。如此,他們就是全體總動員的修建他們的城牆。及後城牆被建立起來,要繼續維修管理,尼希米亦指派合適的人來管理。在職場上,不可能單打獨鬥,需要彼此貢獻長處,而團隊精神能提高士氣、令事半功倍。

管理學家提出小型企業是靠人治,中型企業是靠制度,而大型企業則需要靠文化。筆者則認為無論甚麼的企業,均需要以天國的文化去管理,職場倫理是基督徒的工作核心價值觀。溫哥華短宣中心於 2018 年一月將開辦新一期的「職場得勝秘笈」,盼望透過12堂的課程,幫助基督徒在職場上活出天國文化。有關課程詳情,請瀏覽短宣網頁 www.vccstm.ca 或致電 604-273-0223。(下期再續)

* Stephen Covey是摩門教徒,筆者絕對不認同其信仰內容。

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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