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【讀經隨想】在基督裡,不被定罪

 

 Headline Van Atc

 

「因此,如今那些在基督耶穌裡的人就不被定罪了。」(羅馬書八:1<新譯本>)

創世記中敘述完上帝造天造地的工作後,便莊嚴地宣告自己神聖的決定。「神說:『我們要照著我們的形像,按著我們的樣式造人,使他們管理......』」(創二:26a)既然按著上帝的形像和樣式受造,表示每一個人,都有人格、有理性、有道德責任感;會思想(創二:19-20);有感情(創三:6);有意志(創三:6-7);而且還有靈性,能和神心意相通,若遵照衪的誡命而行,就能享受神所賜的福澤不斷。

然而自從亞當、夏娃運用他們的意志,違背衪的誡命,吃了分別善惡樹上的果子,罪就進入了世界。於是一切神看為美好的創造也連帶受到了咒詛,而我們人類(亞當的後裔),也就帶著那叛逆的罪人本性一個個地出生了。以至於整本聖經從舊約到新約,都在講述上帝為了拯救我們這些罪人所付出的巨大心力和代價。由此可見,上帝對罪惡的不能容忍,以及衪對我們人類那永不放棄的愛。

未信主前,大多數人都認為自己不偷、不搶,既不說謊又没害過人,從來都是奉公守法,自己怎麼會是個罪人呢?聽福音時,提到夏娃的自作主張、自行其是的惡,就是悖逆上帝的罪了。雖然也承認自己難免自我中心, 偶爾也會自作主張、自行其是,但通常還是認為自己總是站在對的一方的,若一定要說這是罪,總有點心口難一。心裡想著:我是對的,難道不該據理立爭嗎?

然而這就是人的罪性使然,永遠認為自己對,別人錯,即使有時自覺錯了,也要為自己的行為找藉口。這豈不是吃了那分别善惡樹上的果子的後遺症嗎?我們自然的傾向就是要分别好壞對錯,看電視劇時總把好人和壞人完全分開;事無大小,一定要判明對錯,所謂真理愈辨愈明,而我永遠是站在真理這一邊。所以當你認定別人不對、不好的時候,就忍不住批評指教加定罪,並且還喜歡時不時地翻翻舊帳。(箴二十一:2)說道:「人看自己一切所行的,都是正直的;耶和華卻衡量人心。」

再進一步說,在我們真實的生活中,有些人或許知道自己犯錯了,但他們不會叫那做錯了的事為「罪」。即使是小孩子,也知道自己做了不該做的事,該做的卻没去做。成年人或會承認自己曾經傷害過他人、没有信守承諾、處事不公,或觸犯了國家制定的交通規則(甚或法律)。不過,在我們領悟到自己確實破壞了上帝的律法以前,我們不會將道德上的過失或不法行為稱為「罪」。但律法卻顯明了上帝的標準,讓我們看見自己偏離了上帝的標準(靶心)有多遠,就得罪了那位聖潔且慈愛的上帝有多大!聖徒保羅也如此說:「只是非因律法,我就不知何為罪;非律法說 『不可起貪心』,我就不知何為貪心。」(羅七:7b)没有律法,我們都不會相信自己是個罪人。

「律法是聖潔的、誡命也是聖潔、公義、良善的。」(羅七:12)是上帝為我們定出如何活出聖潔生活的準則。然而人天生罪性使然,對禁止的事,有特別的好奇心,總想違抗命令,試它一下,這不就是始祖亞當、夏娃在伊甸園中,違背上帝的誡命的翻版嗎?所以,心存悖逆的人便是罪人。

律法讓我們看見自己的罪責,同時也看見自己毫無能力自救的狀況。保羅說:「我們原曉得律法是屬乎靈的,但我是屬乎肉體的,是已經賣給罪了。因為我所作的,我自己不明白;我所願意的,我並不作;我所恨惡的,我倒去作。」(羅七:14-15)這個傾向犯罪的力量使我們悖逆,我們一生都在跟罪作戰。這是個長期抗戰,一個持續不休的戰役,只要我們仍活在世上,就不斷地經歷與罪的爭戰。以至保羅掙扎道:「誰能救我脱離這取死的身體呢?」(羅七:24b)

好消息是保羅終於在最後宣告:「感謝神!靠著我們的主耶穌基督就能脱離了。」(羅七:25a)我們信徒這場跟罪的作戰,事實上,耶穌已經打勝仗了。我們是在祂已經得勝的基礎上奮力而戰。不可否認人的意志常因困難而軟弱,所以我們勝過罪全因上帝的恩典,並藉著聖靈的能力,絕非憑我們的力量。

上帝的愛是有恩慈,是不計算人的惡的。對我們過去的罪史,祂一概既往不究,且絕不會翻舊帳。「因此,如今那些在基督耶穌裡的人,就不被定罪了。」基督耶穌的救恩,為我們除去了罪的挾制,衪既不定我們的罪,律法當也不能定我們的罪了。這救恩是上帝因著愛你,白白賜下的一份禮物。今天在紀念耶穌誕生的佳節美日中,「你」,收下這份救恩的禮物了嗎?

親愛的阿爸天父:

我們感謝贊美您,您的愛充滿了憐憫恩慈,您不輕易發怒,不計算人的惡。為拯救我們這些悖逆的罪人,賜下獨生愛子耶穌,為我們在十字架上流出寶血,讓我們可以因信耶穌而得救,靠著基督而得勝。主啊!幫助我們堅定信心,決意順服您;幫助我們在您裡面,有力量抵抗罪。奉耶稣基督的聖名感恩禱告祈求,阿們!

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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