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【特稿】「耶和華」名字翻譯小史(三)

 

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既然只得一個真神,何須指名道姓介紹耶和華是獨一真神呢?

有信徒誤以為:「既然只有一位真神,何須指名道姓介紹耶和華就是獨一真神呢?」我們必須知道,不是世界上每個人都知道只有這位真神的,更不是每個人都知道真神是耶和華,再者,雖然只有一位真神,也不等於不必介紹祂是耶和華。以下有十三個原因,解釋為什麼要指名道姓的介紹獨一無二的真神是耶和華:

1)因為信耶和華是獨一真神,是得救必須的條件

只有獨一無二的真神 ,就是聖經裏宣告,創造宇宙萬物的真神耶和華 ,其他的都是人造的假神 。在聖經裡,神屢次要求我們對祂專一。十誡,開宗明義,第一誡便說明只有獨一無二的神,除了祂以外,不可有別的神 (出 20:2-3)。耶穌基督也高舉第一條誡命,祂說 :「第一要緊的就是說:『以色列啊,你要聽,主,我們神是獨一的主。』」(可12:29)

倘若你信多神,是不能得救的。神要你知道,也要記在心上,天上地下惟有耶和華是真神(申命記4:39; 4:35) ,祂才是活神,是永遠的王(耶利米書10:10) ,是獨一的主 (提前 1:17),因此祂忌邪 ,禁拜偶像 (出埃及記34:12-14),祂說:我是首先的,我是末後的 ;除我以外再沒有真神(以賽亞書 44:6)(啟示錄1:17) ,你也不可有別的神(出20:2) ,不可敬畏下拜別神(王下17:35-38) ,我必不將我的榮耀歸給假神或雕刻的偶像 。因此燒香事奉別神 (耶利米書44:2-6),褻瀆聖靈(太 12:31-32) ,拜偶像 、離棄我(歷代記下 24:18) 、不信我 (詩篇79:6)、不信我兒子(約翰福音 3:36) ,我的怒氣和忿怒便會倒出來(耶利米書44:2-6),那人必要滅絕(出22:20),並從天下塗抹他的名 (申 29:18-20),永不止息(列王記下 22:17)。

相反,那些在福音上勞苦的 (腓4:3),敬畏耶和華的,思念祂名的人,耶和華會賜福他們(詩91:14-16),並在紀念冊上記錄(瑪 3:16) (啟3:5) 。那名字沒有在生命冊被塗抹的 ,那留名在生命冊上的也必稱為聖 (賽4:3),得進聖城新耶路撒冷 (啟21:27),與神同在,神要擦去他們一切的眼淚;不再有死亡,也不再有悲哀、哭號、疼痛 (啟21:3-4)。


2)因為泛神論相當普遍,不能假設每個信神的人都是相信獨一的真神

向還沒有得救的人講解福音時,單單告訴他們:「 神的獨生子耶穌,祂是你個人救主」,是冒昧地作了兩大假設,第一,假設了對方已知道只有獨一真神,第二,假設了他也知道獨一真神便是耶和華。

奧古斯丁曾說,每個人的心靈都有一個空虛,這個空虛只有神才能填補。因此,許多人信有神,但不是每個信神的人都知道只有一位真神的,世上信多神的人多的是,可謂滿天神佛,例如,希臘和中國便有許多民間神話,每個生活上的細節,都有一個神管理,例如:中國有財神,灶君,月老,門神,雷公,土地 ,福禄壽三星等。可見世人都渴慕有神照顧他們生活上的每一個環節。

保羅 在希臘亞略•巴古傳道時,便看見這個泛神現像,那裡的人凡事都敬畏不同的鬼神,以為越是敬拜多神,生命越有保障,越有安全感,心靈得充實。因此,他們實行漁翁撒網,竟然築起一座壇,上面寫著『未識之神』來供奉 (使 17:22-23)。面對這些泛神的人,傳福音時真的不能假設對方一定知道或接受只有獨一無二的真神。倘若只告訴他們:「 有一位神,祂差獨生子耶穌來救世人」。他們既已是泛神,當然不會抗拒,多多益善,欣然多接受一位神(耶 16:20-21) 。

可是,基督徒傳福音時的責任是要宣告一個正確的信息:「只有耶和華才是真神,所有其他的神都是假的。因此,一定要信靠聖經裏的耶和華神,並且你要拼棄所有其他的假神。」對這些泛神論的人來說,要他們信耶穌並不難,因為他們本來就是泛神。但如今,你要他們摒棄所有的假神,只信奉一位真神,而且一定要信聖經裏那位耶和華神,這的確是給他們的嚴峻挑戰,他們會害怕大逆不道,開罪其他的假神。


3)因為縱使對方只信一神,也不能假設他信的神必定就是耶和華

縱使對方只信一神,但倘若他信的神不是耶和華,也不能得救。神說:「...我就是耶和華。在我以前沒有真神;在我以後也必沒有。惟有我是耶和華;除我以外沒有救主。我曾指示,我曾拯救,我曾說明,並且在你們中間沒有別神。所以耶和華說:你們是我的見證。我也是神 ;」(以賽亞書 43:10-12)「...今日心裡偏離耶和華─我們的神,去事奉那些國的神...耶和華必不饒恕他、耶和華的怒氣、憤恨、要向他發作、如煙冒出、將這書上所寫的一切咒詛、都加在他身上、耶和華又要從天下塗抹他的名。 」(申 29:18-20)

傳福音最終目的是教人藉著基督與神和好,這是一個得救必須的信息,我們有責任告訴世人,教人認罪悔改,接受耶穌基督的救恩,與神和好。但滿天神佛 ,叫人與那一個神相認和好呢?芸芸眾神,誰才是真神呢 ?神在聖經中用自己的名字從眾假神中分別出來 。神要我們介紹祂給世人認識,好讓世人因認罪悔改,接受耶穌基督的救恩,與祂和好。而正確清楚地介紹,便是指名道姓的介紹,獨一無二的真神是耶和華。

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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