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【事事關心】言論自由的大倒退

 

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提出M-103的加拿大自由黨國會議員(穆斯林移民)Iqra Khalid

 

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 反對動議的人士在國會山抗議示威

 

 

今年加拿大國慶日值得基督徒特別為這個國家祈禱,原因是早兩個多月前,聯邦國會通過了一個動議 M-103,界定  "伊斯蘭恐懼症"(Islamophobia)為一種歧視和仇恨,因此決議設立研究委員會(固然也新增開支聘請人去研究這議題),為將來立法作開路鋪路。

當然,任何人都不喜歡被他人歧視,所以,關於反對歧視而考慮如何避免它發生,基督徒也應該贊成的。不過,我們也要關注 "伊斯蘭恐懼症" 這個名詞若沒有詳細的法律定義,將來肯定會有人利用這樣的法例去打壓任何批評該宗教或其信徒(穆斯林)之可能性。

其實,該 M-103 動議在聯邦國會辯論之前後一段期間,國會內外都有很大的反對聲音,特別是從基督教會領袖們,例如 EFC(Evangelical Fellowship of Canada 加國福音派團契)和 JCCF(Justice Centre for Constitutional Freedom) 都一同向國會議員反映其理由。無奈執政的自由黨基於其多數議席就很快通過這 M-103 動議,而且得到 NDP 新民主黨的大力支持。

EFC 和 JCCF 的反對並非沒有事實的基礎。這兩個基督教機構看到一些在西方和伊斯蘭國家的溫和派穆斯林常常受到激進的穆斯林大事攻擊和甚至性命受威脅。加拿大的溫和派回教徒,例如作家兼電影製作人 Raheel Raza,和多倫多太陽報專欄作家 TAREKFATAH,都曾經被扣上 "伊斯蘭恐懼症" 的帽子,和多次被加國裡一些激進的穆斯林機構和激進分子威脅他們。

假如將來加國定下法例執行 M-103 所提及的 "伊斯蘭恐懼症",任何人批評穆斯林家庭內的婦女受到不平等對待,就有可能被視為犯了 M-103 所指的 "仇恨"。還有,若你指出伊斯蘭教在第七、八世紀的歷史,它曾用武力殺害中東、北非、南歐和東歐地中海沿岸的人,迫使當地人在性命受威脅之下降服、歸信於伊斯蘭這歷史事實,你極有可能被拉上人權審裁署或法庭,控告你煽動仇恨!

這種隱憂並非空穴來風,因為 "伊斯蘭法"(Sharia) 的確有不少觀念與加國的法律觀點是完全不同的,它絕對不能接納現今西方社會所推崇在公眾領域的言論自由,上月(2017/5)印尼雅加達市剛卸任的華裔基督徒市長 Ahok 被判褻瀆伊斯蘭教,罪名成立,須要入獄 2 年,但事實上他沒有毀謗可蘭經或穆斯林的信仰,他只是曾指出有些政治競選人利用伊斯蘭教欺騙選民而已,不應算是褻瀆該宗教吧!

M-103 很有可能鼓勵一些 "原教旨主義"(有時被稱為極其敬虔) 的穆斯林正式要求加國允許穆斯林群體用伊斯蘭法。若真是這樣的發展,加國人民並非生活於同樣的法律管治之下,而是另類的 "一國兩制" !以下的事件可以讓這樣的局面露出端倪。

在安省距離多倫多市不遠的一個城鎮(Peel, Ontario),一群穆斯林家長正在法庭控告該鎮一個學校區的校長和老師,因為不滿他們的兒女要與一些同性結合家庭的兒童坐在一起,侵犯了穆斯林的權利,他們認為若學校當局不迎合他們的要求,就是壓制穆斯林家長的權利。可能令你驚奇的是,當地法庭願意受理這樣的控訴,正在安排最快的聆訊期!

根據一個民間智囊研究組織 Gate Stone Institute 所透露,M-103 動議的發起人曾經與中東一個激進、好戰的 "穆斯林弟兄會" Muslim Brotherhood 有聯繫。也根據這個智囊組織和加國主流傳媒的《國家郵報》(National Post)所報導,現任總理杜魯多於上任之前已經與一些伊斯蘭主教級人物有十分緊密的接觸,並且不怕批評,公開贊許其中一間清真寺是 "加國穆斯林社群中一個光亮的榜樣",不過,也許總理有所不知,這清真寺的主管卻是被 "阿聯酋"(阿拉伯聯合酋長國United Arab Emirates) 列為恐怖組織的 International Union for Muslim Scholars 其中一位成員!

加國總理假如繼續與這樣背景的人士往來的話,你覺得不需要基督徒去關注嗎?本文上述的溫和派穆斯林作家 Raheel Raza 往巴基斯坦探親之後,曾經有感而發這樣的話:"在喀拉奇(Karachi)和伊斯拉瑪巴(Islamabad)(該國兩個大城市),你會比較在密西沙(Mississauga, Ontario) 更少見女性佩帶頭巾或面紗!" 這位女作家雖然本身是來自巴基斯坦的穆斯林,卻認為現今加國政府奉迎伊斯蘭教人士的要求已經到了矯枉過正的地步,她覺得不少加國政客為了政治正確而犧牲了很多本來是合理和優美的社會素質。

這種趨勢確實為加國的公眾言論自由埋下了計時炸彈!你若不相信的話,可以問英國和瑞典一些熟悉社區情況的當地居民,你便得到這樣不折不扣的證實。

所以,居住在大溫哥華地區的基督徒,應該於今年國慶日打破過往那種過節的習慣,與眾多基督徒一齊在 PNE 遊樂場旁邊的 Pacific Coliseum  同心合意為加拿大禱告,求神憐憫,不要掩面不顧加國的人民。

盼望加國基督徒都珍惜公眾言論自由的權利,與舊約詩人有類似信念(詩篇33:12):"以耶和華為神的﹐那國是有福的;祂所揀選為自己產業的﹐那民是有福的。"

更希望信徒都常常效法使徒保羅的教導:"我勸你第一要為萬人懇求、禱告、代求、祝謝﹐為君王和一切在位的也該如此﹐使我們可以敬虔端正、平安無事地度日。這是好的﹐在神我們救主面前可蒙悅納。"(提前2:1-3)

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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