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【非洲異國情】出門遠行

 

自廿世紀起,交通發達,出門遠行公幹探親是很方便,除電訊手機外,交通工具也縮短了人的距離。

坐車苦與樂。在文明發達國家,有多樣快捷舒適交通工具的選擇。非洲的交通工具和發展遠不及文明的西歐北美地區,因此出門坐車遠行,是一件很費時的事。非洲的柏油路稀少狹窄,在城市有較多,車輛數量也不少。除少數富商和公務員有新車出入外,一般平民都只能考慮進口的二手車,多從西歐輸入,因價錢較便宜,政府和車行從中謀取可觀利潤。普羅大眾要買車養車是很吃力,從事運輸行業人仕要生存,就得要靈活彈性和動腦筋。

在非洲路上駕車也有不少隱患。貪污盛行,助長了許多技巧不足和魯莽駕駛的司機。驗車不嚴緊檢查,至令大量問題車輛在路上行駛。故此,有不少交通意外發生,沿途隨處可見橫屍路面的貨車。

一般商用車的車主少重視維修車輛。除了損壞告急要零件才去車房,他們從沒有考慮花錢保養車輛。因工作收支有限,賺取的也不夠修車開支,寧願將維修費省下來,若車子壞丟就換車。車輛缺乏維修,在路上常遇車輛故障拋錨。幸者,車長致電召援兵很快趕至,便可儘快解圍再上路。不然,乘客整天要坐在路旁等候,車費是難以退還。乘客若不能忍耐等候,便自行再叫路經車輛上路。

運輸載貨情景更是無奇不有,有些還險象環生。車輛超載,貨物疊得比車高出兩倍高度,的士乘客座載牛羊或木塊,人貨擠在貨車廂內,改裝人貨兩載等。由於政府執法對車子用途的管制不嚴。除非遇交通意外,路障查車和某些交通擠塞時才有交通警出現,平日甚少有警察巡邏。司機們都忍耐和彼此相讓,沒有激烈行動。

車水馬龍。以西非塞內加爾為例,市區內出入,有的士和小巴和巴士等服務。巴士是大眾化的服務。的士路線富彈性和為急用的。司機多屬租車打工仔,每天好不容易才得餬口。所以司機多是年輕人,入行五年內仍幹勁十足,其後要節約儲蓄,期望幾年內將車買下做車主。非洲的士是沒有計程錶,也沒有定價,收費是司機和乘客之間議價。對本地和外國人收費要求不同,外國人付費可能比本地人高出三、四倍。觀念上,他們認為外國人有錢可多付一點。若最後議價成功,可能比出價時大為縮減,司機也不感到是損失,認為開出價是他服務辛勞所值的,也可以慷慨給予客人一個情面價。

另外走短程市內的有快車 Car Rapid 小客貨車,和走中程市郊的 Jagar Ndyia 中型客貨車,乘客要從車尾後門上落的,收費遠比的士便宜十倍,是普羅大眾的選擇。車廂多已改裝,座位由十六位增至廿六位,是在車廂內兩旁座位中間加裝一個活座位。乘客若要下車,坐中間位的人也要站起讓路,大家都保持忍耐謙讓。車上除司機外,還有收銀及搬運行李的助手。若車滿載時,助手們只得在車外手執軛竿, 腳踏鐵板,在風吹陣陣下隨車而去。

出門遠行可選擇七座位快車,車程時間短。車費雖較昂貴,對偏遠無長途巴士服務的地方,又不願轉車的乘客是最佳選擇。不過,司機要等客滿才肯開車,不然,日上三竿仍坐著等客,乘客有時會商議一起包空座的費用,盡快上路。一般人遠行選搭長途巴士。公司有例,車必須盡早在中午左右到達目的地,因此巴士要早在清晨三、四時便要開車,故此搭客要隔日預購車票。

刺激一天遊。天未亮,車站已經熱鬧起來,有載客到車站的的士車龍,有小販叫賣,也有熟食檔服務。搭客仍睡眼矇矇,身挑手拖大小行李來排隊登記和上載行李。趁距開車前還有點時間,到站旁食檔吃點早餐充饑,圍在一團吃得津津有味。不久開車召集,有糾察員按名呼叫乘客後便上車,各人迅速找個座位。座位是沒有編號,先到先得。車廂片刻變得很熱鬧,氣溫高升,氣味也濃烈,還有小孩疲倦不眠而哭啼等,好不容易待場面平靜。開車不久,眾人也隨車聲呼呼便入睡。間有不便事件出現,車廂不知何故傳來咯咯敲打聲,像有什麼機件鬆脫或某處近窗地方傳來,噪音令人難以入睡等問題,車輛維修有待改善。稍後天轉亮,車內播出輕快的本地音樂。車在一處路邊稍停留,眾人下車走動一番,有的作洗涮。當地人多是穆斯林,他們都先有一番宗教洗濯,然後找個空地,脫了鞋,踏在草蓆或布上,面對同一方向祈禱。稍後車長響鈴開車,乘客便匆匆趕回上車。因應穆民祈禱時間,車長也需多次停車稍作休息。每次停站便有擁上車廂的流動小販叫賣各類凍飲零食。飲吃些清涼飲品和小食也有助舒緩疲累身體。不久烈日高昇,車廂氣溫也隨隨而昇,各人都拿起毛巾抹汗,在輕快的音樂中遙望那邊的目的地。車遇上要過河時怎辦?一般人都要分段,先下車,叫船呼艇渡河,再另叫車輛。在西非尼日爾河,有協助載運車輛過河的生意。他們先將車引擎拆掉,然後合力將車殼連引擎用人手摃抬,一起抬車過河,人在水中,車在水以上。同車乘客坐小船過河。 到達對岸後,便合力將車引擎裝回車內原位,繼續上路。

在非洲地方,城市人遠行已有既定交通工具和制度。在偏遠隔涉地方,出門遠行是一件整天勞動的大事,缺乏道路和公用車,因此要多番接駁轉車,從鄉村,小鎮至有行走幹線公路的旅遊巴士或其他快車。雖然有種種困難,道路發展有限,交通工具選擇不多,還有安保措施不足,遇有交通故障和車在半途壞車,他們雖然無奈,也沒有許多怨言,還有彼此同心協力推車、啟動車、與車司機及車組員工合作,務使車和全車搭客順利再上路,這種合作無私的精神是非洲人可愛的一面。

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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