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【日本樂散步】又愛又恨的精緻

 

Chion

 

Chion 1收到一份包裝精緻及賞心悅目的巧克力,但卻發覺那過份多的包裝,一拆開吃完就變成了「垃圾」,有點心痛那麼浪費。郵購發達的日本,宅急便(速遞服務)是家庭、公司、商店等天天必會用到的服務。運輸所用的紙皮箱需求量高得嚇人,箱裡用大量氣泡袋包裝,廢棄品又添一大堆!城市人一天到晚飲的都是樽裝水、樽裝茶、罐裝咖啡等... 因為這些都是十分便利又飲用安全,而且飲完即棄。

包裝文化製造了很多「垃圾」,唉! 真的令人又愛又恨!


第一次在日本看到「垃圾請拿回家丟掉」的指示牌時,頭上佈滿了大問號—「垃圾,拿回家?」。但朋友們都是十分自然地把吃完的三文治膠袋及膠樽、茶包等好好收進自己的大袋中,這時才知日本人有著「自己的垃圾自己負責」這概念。在街上喝完罐裝膠裝飲品,自然會棄在環保桶中,不會隨便丟。學校的孩子或街上的人們,也會把擦過鼻涕的衛生紙帶回家才丟掉。

細看日常生活中,就會發覺日本在追求環保的事上,實在努力。家家戶戶都嚴守著垃圾回收守則,把廢棄物徹底分N類回收,在指定日期、時間及地點丟棄。全國的紙箱、玻璃瓶、牛奶紙盒、鐵罐、膠樽及膠蓋(分開回收,因製造的原料不同)等的回收率均達至80%或以上,日本的循環回收率是世界數一數二。就算在漢堡包快餐店或戶外喜年華會,男女老幼都會自動地把紙盒、筷子、杯、杯蓋等分別拆開放入不同的回收垃圾桶中。在世界性運動聚會人流裡,絕對不會找到任何垃圾留在日本遊客曾使用的區域裡,讓各國人士驚讚這自發處理垃圾的行為。

以上種種的行動,歸功於那非常嚴格的全民公共衛生及環保教育;還有的是集中收集可以減少環境污染,以及減少街道清潔費已成為日本人一般的常識,所以日本的街道真的是「罕見」垃圾。並且於 911 後,政府為防恐襲炸彈,將所有垃圾桶都拿走,雖然這樣做對遊客做成不便,但對日本人基本上一點影響也沒有。


回收後的物資或再生的貨品種類也花樣百出。牛奶紙箱回收後用來做廁紙,放於公眾設施當中使用;報紙或廢紙再生變成印刷紙、建材原料等...塑膠水樽經壓縮循環再造成安全飲用的膠樽,若膠樽的樹脂劣化不能食用就使之成為蛋盒或水果包裝盒、超市購物籃、書包甚至成為西裝(纖維)等... 膠蓋再生後可應用的範圍更廣泛,如加入木材能造成環保建築所用的新種木材,比原木更強硬,用於戶外使用,既高度防水防晒又美觀。地球的資源有限,若可以好好回收再生再用,把人類日常生活使用過度、傷害環境的現象盡量減緩。比只會亂用,什麼也不做好得多。


改善包裝設計也是可行的環保方法。記得幾年前,從宅急便收到新買的電視及電腦,拿著刀準備拆箱時頓然發現那沒有膠紙的紙皮箱的設計,令人大開眼界。紙箱包裝上下都使用摺插方法,不需要用膠紙封口也可以全面封箱,可以自由拆開再裝上,電器也只用簡單的紙條就可以包裹得非常穩妥。現在普通的郵寄箱,也大量採用這摺插或一撕就開的環保便利新包裝。還有速遞箱內,再沒有了那些不能回收的氣泡膠、發寶膠粒或大量的厚身防碰紙,取而代之用真空膠膜固定商品,非常輕便簡單但卻很穩固。至於紙巾盒或保鮮紙盒,在紙盒上都會印有拆盒虛線,方便使用完後簡單拆盒回收,太體貼的設計啊!

補充裝多數都是用大型膠樽或膠袋裝,雖然用補充裝比使用原支裝來說已經很環保,但補充裝之包裝還是不能回收的燃燒垃圾。製造商就努力研究新材料,如超薄膠袋能減少包裝體積,燃燒垃圾時就能減少發出的二氧化炭。2016 年中更改良紙品質量,可以取代膠袋的紙袋裝。紙補充裝就是原支裝可以直接使用,更方便、更容易收藏及運輸,節省成本又環保。新出的即吃枝豆等送酒小食採用三角形包裝,設計得可愛又一撕開可以吃,不用另外用碟盛載。膠水樽或罐經改良後,可以輕易壓成一小塊,減少回收垃圾的體積。

要有藝術美感又不增添垃圾,要由複雜變成簡單實用及減低資源浪費,環保商要花更多的心思計設及改良,認真又對大自然用心的日本人,他們確實在這方面一直用心地開發及改良。

生活在現今的世代,人人都想追求美好及便利,卻因此帶來許多的浪費。所以不單政府及大公司不斷的努力,小市民也願意做多一點點,如多用環保袋、自帶水樽、用手巾、多自己煮食帶便當、用日本布「風呂敷」包袱東西等。聖經不是也如此的鼓勵我們說:「 兩個人總比一個人好,因為二人勞碌同得美好的果效。(傳道書四9)」減少垃圾保護環境,同心協力才會有更美好的將來。

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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