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【新聞後記】令人憂慮的加中關係

 

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自從華為副董事長兼首席財務官孟晚舟於去年 12 月初在溫哥華過境時被捕,指她涉嫌違反美國對伊朗的制裁,因此美國向加拿大要求引渡之後,媒體的報導可以說是鋪天蓋地,不單中文傳媒天天以頭條新聞形式跟進,西方主流傳媒亦不惶多讓,以非常顯著篇幅追蹤報導。之後再發生前加拿大駐中國大使麥家廉被指失言而被總理杜魯多要求辭職的事件,令此新聞更 "Juicy"、 更耐人尋味,不單各時事評論人及專家可以盡舒己見,亦成了普羅大眾茶餘飯後的首選議題。作為新聞工作者,筆者多次在不同場合被問及對此新聞的看法。由於事件牽涉政治、司法及經濟等多個複雜層面,三言兩語貿然評論容易招來口誅筆伐,引發無謂爭端。現借此文簡單帶出幾個問題,讓大家思考。

美國是否只針對華為及 5G 科技?有否有更深政治動機?

美國一直聲稱,引渡孟晚舟回國受審是證據確鑿,除最初指控華為以子公司跟伊朗經商,違反美國對伊朗的制裁禁令外,稍後提出的 23 項刑事控罪,還包括指控華為涉及銀行詐騙、密謀竊取美國電訊商 T-Mobile 的商業機密等。不過,美國總統特朗普自己說漏了咀,表示如果有利於美國,有助於與北京達成貿易協定,他會作出干預。美國有線電視新聞網(CNN)甚至解讀成 "特朗普表示願意在對華貿易談判中使用華為首席財務官作為談判籌碼"。很明顯,美國控告華為絕非單純刑事罪行。但更深一層,孟晚舟事件是否只有利於對華貿易談判?

有分析員更表示,美國不單要打擊華為的 5G 科技及市場,因為 5G 是掌控未來全球日常生活、無人駕駛汽車技術等的新一代科技;更進一步是要阻礙一日千里的中國創新科技發展,避免美國科技龍頭的地位被取代。更甚者,有評論指孟晚舟只是盧溝橋上一個聲稱走失的日軍,只是一個藉口,是美國眼見中國不斷發展,而且雄心勃勃威脅美國世界第一大國地位,於是藉機向中國宣戰,甚至拉攏其他歐美大國聯手站在同一陣線,抗衡中國的一帶一路。

杜魯多政府是否過於草率,低估事件的嚴重性?

孟晚舟被捕後,不少評論認為聯邦政府過於草率,錯判形勢,單從法律理據履行加美兩國的引渡條款,完全低估事件可以引發的軒然大波,令中方立即強烈表態,甚至拘捕多名加國公民作為報復。若然真的如此,借用前中國國家主席江澤民罵香港記者無知的名句,正是 "Too young, too simple, sometimes naive" (太年輕、太簡單、有時無知)。不過,不少評論認為今次杜魯多自由黨政府別無選擇,美國依足兩國引渡協議提出拘捕及引渡要求,本國在法理上並無任何拒絕的理由,除非司法部長相信,指控是政治化的,或者被用於試圖指控某人政治犯罪,諸如叛國或間諜,他或她可以拒絕引渡要求。問題是,如果美國真的要聯合其他西方國家與中國抗衡,今次是本國投誠的重要一步,聯邦政府要二擇其一,無可厚非要與本國最大貿易伙伴站在同一陣線,被迫失去第二大經濟體的龐大發展市場,正所謂 "豬八戒照鏡子,裡外不是人"。

麥家廉的失言是無心之失還是有弦外之音?

很多人不明白,為什麼前加拿大駐中國大使麥家廉在一月下旬於多倫多會見華文傳媒時,會表明孟晚舟有 3 項有力理據可以脫罪,但發表道歉聲明後,在溫哥華又再表示希望美國政府干預放棄引渡、換回加中關係的和暖春天。此舉隨即被總理杜魯多要求辭職並即時生效。麥家廉為何一而再、再而三地違反聯邦政府就事件的既定立場,即強調三權分立,維護司法獨立的核心價值?作為從政超過 20 年的政壇老將,而且是一而再失言,無心之失的機會極低。若非無心便是有意。有分析認為,其中一個可能是麥家廉的言論是先獲得總理或總理辦公室的認可,刻意向中國政府釋出善意,企圖修補關係,只是後期被反對黨炮轟,所以被迫棄車保帥,平息事件。但亦有評論認為,是麥家廉在明知會烏紗不保下,私自發表與政府立埸不配合的言論,原因可能是對政府的加中關係政策不滿,無心戀戰,無懼說出心中說話,順道向中方示好。

孟晚舟的引渡聆訊將於 3 月 6 日在溫哥華最高法院開庭。孟晚舟已聘請 7 位星級律師組成豪華團隊備戰。一般預計整個引渡的法律程序可能長達 10 年。與此同時,未來的加中關係更令人憂心。有分析人士認為,目前的加中關係已跌至兩國關係史上的最低點, 如果加中無法修補關係,甚至加中關係進一步緊張,不單脆弱的本國經濟會雪上加霜,生活在加國的百多萬華人可能亦會受到影響。願主施恩!"誰敬畏耶和華,耶和華必指示他當選擇的道路。他必安然居住;他的後裔必承受地土。耶和華與敬畏他的人親密;他必將自己的約指示他們。" 詩篇25:12-14

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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