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【新聞後記】腥風血雨多倫多

 

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2018 年 7 月下旬一個星期日晚上大約十時,多倫多市小希臘區丹佛大道爆發血腥槍擊案,震驚全國,甚至成為國際新聞。29 歲的中東裔男子胡辛 (Faisal Hussain),走到當時仍然人來人往的街上,先後向無辜市民開槍十多二十下,導致 2 死 13 傷。兩名不幸死者分別是預備升讀麥馬士打大學的 18 歲女學生法倫(Reese Fallon),及 10 歲女童科爾斯(Julianna Kozis) 。槍手期後與到場兩名警員駁火,據報開槍自殺身亡,但至截稿日,警方仍未確定槍手死因。

由於槍手當場死亡,令調查冷血槍擊事件背後原因的工作更見困難。ISIS 伊斯蘭國更一度宣稱對槍擊案負責,稱胡辛為 "伊斯蘭國的戰士",但至今 ISIS 沒有提供任何相關的證據來支持這言論,聯邦公安部及多倫多警方已初步排除恐怖襲擊的可能性。槍手家人事後發表聲明,稱胡辛從小患有嚴重精神病和抑鬱癥,長期遭受心理疾病折磨 。他們對受害者家庭表示沉痛的哀悼。多個媒體跟進槍手背景時均證實這點,並發現胡辛家庭最近連連遇到不幸,哥哥由於毒品事故成了植物人,已經在醫院躺了一年半的時間;他妹妹幾年前也因事故身亡,連串家庭事故可能令胡辛的抑鬱癥病情惡化。至於胡辛從什麼渠道獲得槍械,是大衆關注重點之一。

兇殺案數字大幅飆升

今次重大血腥槍擊案,將市民及三級政府對近期多倫多槍械暴力案件的不滿推向高峰。根據警方數字,截至 7 月底,多倫多今年已發生了 59 宗兇殺案,相比 2017 年同期的 24 宗,增幅高達 246%。兇殺案中,30 宗是槍擊事件,12 宗是刀刺殺事件,還有 17 宗是其他事故,包括北約克的貨 Van 襲擊事件。槍械暴力數字直線上升,而更令市民憂慮的是,案件已經不再局限於晚間或黑幫活躍地區,其中 6 月中一個下午發生在士嘉堡 McCowan 夾 Alton Towers Circle 附近一個社區公園遊樂場的槍擊案,震驚附近居民及華人社區,事件導致兩名分別 5 歲和 9 歲的兩姐妹中槍受傷。

針對市內槍擊暴力案飆升,多倫多警察總長桑德斯宣布短期應對策略,主要調撥 300 萬元,於 7 月下旬開始增派 200 名前線警員在晚上7時至凌晨 3 時,到市內槍擊暴力黑點地區駐守巡邏,為期約 8 個星期。長期策略將繼續與各級政府合作,找出最好的協調,及可持續的良方解決多市槍擊暴力問題。諷刺的是,小希臘社區的血腥槍擊案,正正是在警方剛開始夜間加強巡邏的首個週末發生。

建議禁售槍械及加強監管

丹佛大道槍擊案及較早前的北約克的貨 Van 襲擊事件,除了令大眾關注心理及精神病患者對社區安全可能構成的威脅,希望當局正視及提供更多資源改善情況外,更大聲音是重提槍械管制議題。多倫多市議會在丹佛大道槍擊案後,以 41 票贊成、4 票反對通過動議,要求聯邦政府禁止多倫多市內銷售手槍,並要求省府禁止市內出售手槍彈藥。動議內容亦包括加強監控措施,投放更多資源於青少年及精神健康計劃等。

反對槍械管制的人士一直聲稱,犯罪分子使用的槍械是大部份是從美國走私進入加拿大的黑槍,與本國合法槍械無關。但多倫多警方表示,暴力犯罪的槍械來源近年出現明顯轉變。2012 年以前,約 75% 的槍械是由美國進入加拿大,但到了 2017 年,約一半槍械來源是加拿大本土。警方近年來至少發現有 40 宗案例,犯罪分子所使用的槍械是由本土合法的持槍者手中非法購買的。這一類非法轉賣獲得高額利潤,令不少合法持槍者難以抵受誘惑而將槍械非法轉賣給他人。警方指出,曾有案例,一男子在 5 個月時間賣出 47 枝手槍,獲利超過 10 萬元。這一發現,突顯了本國槍械管制及監管方面的鬆懈及不足。

所多瑪與蛾摩拉

聯邦公安部長葛代爾(Ralph Goodale)回應,政府會檢討已經在國會提出的 Bill C-71 法案,看看可以作出哪些修改,包括更嚴格控制手槍,企業需要記錄非限制性槍械的庫存及交易紀錄,以便警方更容易追蹤槍械去向。其實,無論政府採取什麼政策應對,仍然是治標不治本,因為「人心比萬物都詭詐,壞到極處,誰能識透呢?」(耶十七:9)。槍械暴力急升、同性戀、安樂死、安全注射站、再加上即將實施的大麻合法化,令這個我們移民時相信是樂土的城市,愈來愈像聖經中的罪惡之城 ﹣所多瑪與蛾摩拉,不知何時遭神懲罰,也不知何時主再來結束這邪惡的世代。還未接受基督作救主的,當然要把握機會儘快接受福音;作為基督徒的更要儆醒等候,抓緊機會拯救靈魂,收割莊稼。「你們要謹慎,儆醒祈禱,因為你們不曉得那日期幾時來到。」(可十三:33)

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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