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【新聞後記】十月圍城

 

Oct

 

《十月圍城》是一部於 2009 年上映的華語電影,由多位紅星主演,以保護到香港商討起義大計的孫文為主題,動作連場,緊張刺激,榮獲當年香港電影金像獎多個重要獎項;  2018 年 10 月的大多倫多地區,同樣是面臨關鍵時刻,硬仗連場,對日後的社會及政局發展影響深遠。

削減多市市議員席位違反人權憲章

多倫多市政府就安省保守黨政府將多倫多市議員人數由 47 席縮減至 25 席的第五號法案,入稟法院,申請禁制令,指在選舉期間減少市議員數量是「歧視和武斷」,而且違背加拿大人權及自由憲章。安省高等法院法官於 9 月上旬作出裁決。判詞指省府的第五號號法案即「更佳本地政府法」 違憲。首先﹐由於立法是在市政選舉已經開始之後進行的﹐侵害了相關候選人的「自由表達」的權利。此外,縮小選區規模之後,選民由平均 6 萬多人有 1 名民意代表,被改至 11 萬多人才有 1 名民意代表,削弱了選舉的代表性,因此損害了選民的權利。

不過,省長道格福特隨即決定上訴,強調縮減市議會規模可以提高工作效率,並可節省 2500 萬元納稅人的金錢。不但如此,引起更大爭議的是,省長道格福特更加揚言會動用憲法賦予的權力,即加拿大人權及自由憲章(Charter of Rights and Freedoms)第 33 章中的一項「但書條款」(notwithstanding clause)。這條款容許聯邦政府或省政府可透過立法來推行某些可能違反人權憲章的政策 。

運用但書條款開啟極壞先例

辜勿論高等法院的裁決是否正確,省府提出上訴是合理的做法,以司法制度解決法律爭拗。但如果省長道格福特一意孤行﹐搬出安省從來沒有使用的但書條款來推翻法庭決定﹐則被指是獨裁,是輸打贏要,將開啟一項極壞先例, 難保日後不被濫用。值得留意的是,「但書條款」只能凌駕於人權憲章中有關言論﹑集會或不合理的搜查自由,但涉及自由民主﹑遷移或男女平等的問題,即使是「但書條款」亦不能動搖分毫。另外,「但書條款」有效期只有5年,目的是讓公眾有機會挑戰動用該條款的政府,在政府更新該條款前﹐可透過選舉推翻執政的政府。

安省過去從未使用過「但書條款」,但沙省﹑阿省及魁省則曾運用這項條款。

至截稿日,不知省長道格福特運用「但書條款」的決心有多大,但他已表明省議會提早復會,首要工作是重新提交第五號法案,並加入「但書條款」,確保法案順利通過。無論如何, 事件至今已令選情非常混亂,不管選民及候選人均無所適從,希望削減多倫多市議員人數的爭拗早日完結,各人能重新聚焦選舉工程。市選將於 10 月 22 日星期一舉行,今次除了多倫多市外,萬錦市及烈治文山市均有多位華裔候選人,分別角逐市議員、區域議員及教育委員等席位,競爭激烈,也樂見華裔參政的熱誠增加。各選民應踴躍投票,好好運用手上神聖一票,選出代表市民發聲的市議員及教育委員。

大麻合法化十月正式實施

另一方面,十月亦是聯邦政府正式實施休閒大麻合法化的月份。參議院在自由黨的主導下,6  月中旬以 52:29 通過 C-45 法案後,總理杜魯多隨即宣布大麻合法化日期是 10 月 17 日,結束了幾個月圍繞加拿大人合法購買和食用大麻的諸多猜測。聯邦自由黨政府拒絕接受參議院較早前通過的其中 13 項修訂,其中一項就是允許省府有權選擇禁止家居種植大麻。聯邦自由黨政府堅稱,允許國民在家種植四株大麻植物是整個法案的重點之一。

安省保守黨政府上臺後,公布了具體細節﹐休閒用大麻 10 月 17 日合法化後﹐用家可先在網上購買﹐由名為安省大麻店的政府機構負責監管,至於出售大麻的實體店則最早在明年 4 月 1 日才會出現。 各市政府可自行選擇是否在市內設立大麻店。至於吸食休閒用大麻的合法年齡則仍維持在 19 歲或以上。省府強調,推出新的大麻零售模式是考慮到公眾安全,網上零售須要登記,能更有效監管及追查購買次數及數量。網絡亦將設立確認系統﹐確保大麻產品安全送到購買者手上。聯邦自由黨匆忙通過大麻合法化,但背後隱憂重重,多項細節仍未落實,包括:省府與聯邦的爭拗、毒駕問題及如何監管家中種大麻等等。

市選及大麻合法化同時在 10 月進行,兩項均為重要項目,不論在民生及政治層面均影響深遠。願神繼續施恩,保守帶領我們的城市及國家。「...君王不能因兵多得勝;勇士不能因力大得救。靠馬得救是枉然的;馬也不能因力大救人。耶和華的眼目看顧敬畏他的人和仰望他慈愛的人,要救他們的命脫離死亡,並使他們在饑荒中存活。我們的心向來等候耶和華;他是我們的幫助,我們的盾牌。」(詩33:16-20) 

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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