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Home本期文章形勢險峻的杜魯多自由黨政府

【新聞後記】形勢險峻的杜魯多自由黨政府

 

時值 5 月中,南安省的天氣仍然多雨、清涼及大風,平均溫度較過往 5 月份低,冬大爺似乎仍然依依不捨,初夏的感覺更是遙不可及。「......乍暖還寒時候,最難將息。 三杯兩盞淡酒,怎敵他,晚來風急。」 這種乍暖還寒的天氣,與本國聯邦政壇目前狀況有點不謀而合。聯邦大選只剩下約五個月便舉行,若撇除兩個月的暑假,更只有三個月時間,各政黨本應摩拳擦掌,甚至短兵相接。但近日氣氛似乎過於平靜,各政黨之間的針鋒相對時有時無,不知是否被中美貿易談判搶去風頭,還是暴風雨的前夕。一點比較肯定的是,總理杜魯多領導的自由黨政府正是「晚來風急」!

民望持續下跌

民意調查機構 Leger 於 4 月下旬進行的調查顯示,國民對杜魯多本人、其政府和政黨的支持率跌至新低點 。僅 27% 的受訪者表示將會投杜魯多的自由黨一票,比由黨魁謝爾(Andrew Scheer)帶領的保守黨落後 13 個百分點,而且保守黨 40% 的支持率,已達到在眾議院贏得多數席位所需的範圍;新民主黨的支持率為  12%,比綠黨領先一個百分點。保守黨在除魁省以外的各省及地區支持率均領先。此外,在回答「誰會成為最好總理」問題時,25% 受訪者選擇了謝爾,20% 選擇杜魯多。

除民調數據外,值得留意的是,全國多個省份均已先後從自由黨政府轉至由保守黨執政,顯示不少選民厭棄自由黨中間偏左的治國理念,這對尋求連任的聯邦自由黨,絕對是敲響了警鐘。愛德華王子島省(PEI)於 4 月 23 日省選結束後,進步保守黨擊敗了執政超過十年的自由黨,取得了 12 個席位,雖然未過半數,但仍可籌組成少數黨政府。令人驚訝的是,勝出官方反對黨的並非自由黨,而是佔了 9 席的綠黨。自由黨此次僅佔 6 席,對於一向風光的自由黨來說,可以用慘敗來形容。

多個重要省份已落入保守黨手中

另外,4 月 16 日舉行的阿爾伯達省(Alberta) 省選,執政僅一屆的新民主黨敗選,保守黨獲得了 87 席中的 63 席,以絕對優勢組織大多數政府,重拾政權。曾擔任聯邦移民部長的黨領肯尼(Jason Kenney)走馬上任。自去年以來,魁省,紐賓士域省(New Brunswick),安省等的勝選中,保守黨連連獲勝,勢不可擋,至今已佔領了 7 個省份。反觀,自由黨已經失去了本國四大省份的執政權:BC 省,安省,阿省及魁省,令原先全國地圖上的片片紅色先後被藍海代替。至於目前由自由黨執政的紐芬蘭和拉布拉多省,亦宣佈提前於 4 月下旬舉行省選,如果自由黨再失諸交臂,將進一步對杜魯多構成壓力。

外界一般認為,令總理杜魯多支持率不斷下跌的主要原因,是在魁省建築工程公司 SNC-Lavalin 事件上被指涉嫌干預司法,兩名重要部長包括前司法部長王州迪及前國庫局主席費普真先後辭職。事件嚴重影響執政自由黨的公信力及總理的領導能力。其他原因還包括,增收炭稅,接納越來越多的難民,全家公費旅遊,在省及市均未有充足準備時間下強推大麻合法化等等。

外交經濟缺乏經驗

外界亦批評杜魯多幼嫩,只懂專注一些如推動環保,消除不平等意識形態的問題,但當遇上較複雜的外交及經濟等重要議題時,往往拿捏失分寸。杜魯多第二次出訪中國及印度之旅均無功而還,甚至成為笑柄。加拿大在美國要求引渡華為高層孟晚舟一案中至今仍然深陷困境,令中加關係跌至近年低位。全球第二大經濟體及本國第二大貿易伙伴中國,已先後停止進口本國的油菜籽和部份豬肉產品,其他貿易往來及旅遊業亦受廣泛影響。再加上本國將受中美貿易談判引發的貿易戰拖累,估計經濟損失達 GDP 的 0.8%,約有 15 萬個工作職位可能受到衝擊。

面對內憂外患,負債累累,國民自然怨聲載道,民心思變。當然,還有幾個月時間,選情仍可大幅波動。但願各黨領均能虛心聆聽選民心聲,制定出榮神益人的政崗,並予以落實執行,一步步將本國帶回正軌。「你若聽從耶和華—你神的誡命,就是我今日所吩咐你的,謹守遵行,不偏左右,也不隨從事奉別神,耶和華就必使你作首不作尾,但居上不居下。」(申28:13)

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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