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【新聞後記】告別政壇紛亂的2018年

 

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過去近 30 年,每逢 8 字尾的年份均有重大經濟事故發生,令大眾猶有餘悸。1998 年 8 月,香港受亞洲金融風暴波及,港府要動用近 1,200 億港元(約 150 億美元)外匯儲備入市擊退外匯炒家,事件令香港經濟元氣大傷;2008 年,由次按問題引發的風潮,令雷曼兄弟在 9 月中宣佈破產,觸發全球金融危機。故此,去年年底坊間已一直傳有一種迷思–2018 年不會是一個好年份。轉眼間,2018 年已步入尾聲,感恩的是全球並沒有重大金融事故發生,反而經濟穩步向好,迷思不攻自破。然而,對加拿大、特別是我們身處的安省及大多倫多地區來說,2018 年仍然有著重大改變,情況叫人憂慮。

省選過程曲折離奇

今年全年的焦點,絕對是峰迥路轉的政壇新聞。今年是選舉年,分別有 6 月舉行的安省省選和 10 月的市鎮選舉。然而,原本應要到 3、4 月才會開始熱鬧起來的省選,1 月底已揭開戰幔,安省進步保守黨前黨魁彭建邦已因涉嫌性不當行為指控而下臺,震驚朝野。至 2 月中,彭建邦在新黨領選舉截止限期前一刻辦理登記手續,但不久參選資格又被取消。整個黨內的政變事件峰迴路轉,比不少電視劇集還要曲折離奇。黨魁之爭最終由並非大熱門的道格福特勝出,令不少政界人士也大跌眼鏡。被形容為醜陋的黨內政變事件,並沒有影響進步保守黨的聲望,或許省民實在太厭棄安省自由黨的執政,結果由道格福特領導的安省保守黨在 6 月的省選中大勝,從執政 15 年的自由黨手上奪過大多數政黨執政地位。

被不少評論指帶有民粹色彩的道格福特,上臺後隨即顯露其強勢急進施政風格,先後宣佈取消多項前朝政府政策,落實競選承諾並處理多項棘手問題,當中包括取消碳交易和新版性教育新課程,撤換高薪厚職的安省第一電力公司行政總裁及董事局成員,取消三間大專院校擴建計劃等。不過,引起最大爭議的,莫過於在市選報名截止日期當天早上才宣佈立法,將多倫多市議員人數由 47 席大幅削減至 25 席,強調縮減市議會規模可以提高工作效率,並節省 2500 萬元納稅人金錢。多倫多市政府隨即入稟法院,申請禁制令,指立法是在市政選舉已經開始之後才進行﹐侵害了相關候選人的自由表達權利,是違背加拿大人權及自由憲章。結果安省高等法院法官於 9 月上旬作出裁決,指省府的第五號法案違憲。

省府強勢急進施政

不過,省長道格福特隨即決定上訴,不但如此,引起更大爭議的是,道格福特揚言即使上訴失敗,也會動用憲法賦予的權力,即加拿大人權及自由憲章第33章中的一項「但書條款」(notwithstanding clause),堅決通過法案。這條款容許聯邦政府或省政府可透過立法來推行某些可能違反人權憲章的政策。最終上訴庭裁決判,指較早前安省高等法院的裁決有誤,因此對該項裁決執行暫緩令,令多倫多市議席最終須要由 47 席削減至 25 席。

大麻合法化十月正式實施

另一引起廣泛爭議的政策,是總理杜魯多上臺後決意推行的休閒大麻合法化,終於在 10 月 17 日的正式落實。安省保守黨政府上臺後,公佈了具體細節﹐包括用家可先在網上購買﹐由名為安省大麻店的政府機構負責監管,至於出售大麻的實體店則最早在明年 4 月 1 日才會出現。各市政府可自行選擇是否在市內設立大麻店。至於吸食休閒用大麻的合法年齡則仍維持在 19 歲或以上。聯邦自由黨匆忙通過大麻合法化,但背後隱憂重重,多項細節仍未落實,包括:省府與聯邦的爭拗、毒駕問題及如何監管家中種大麻等等。全國多支警隊至今並未購買任何一款路邊大麻檢測儀器,原因是獲聯邦批準的一款測試設備被指性能並不可靠;各警隊對如何執法仍然莫衷一是,日後的法律訴訟亦將面對不少挑戰。其他令市民擔憂的還有北約克的貨車襲擊事件,多倫多的槍械暴力罪案急升等等。

展望 2019 年,聯邦大選將於 11 月舉行,政治議題相信仍是大眾焦點;省長道格福特會否繼續獨斷獨行,以及與新選出的各市政府的合作關係,也將影響市民的日常生活。經濟方面,雖然「美墨加協議」最終落實,取代北美自由貿易協議,但具體如何執行及對本國經濟造成什麼影響,現在仍是言之尚早;加息周期會否持續及樓市走勢,均直接影響升斗市民的日常消費能力。願新的一年,神的眼目仍然看顧敬畏祂的人和仰望祂慈愛的人。「但願使人有盼望的神,因信將諸般的喜樂、平安充滿你們的心,使你們藉著聖靈的能力大有盼望。」(羅十五:13)

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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