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【敬拜與音樂】華人教會聖樂與崇拜

 

最近,我收到了一本新書《聖樂與崇拜: 系統閱課系列四》之《教會音樂事奉企劃基礎》﹝香港:香港聖樂促進會,2017﹞。這系列由譚靜芝博士主編,並且為聖樂與崇拜研究碩士文憑課程四科核心科目中的最後一科。譚靜芝博士畢業於香港中文大學音樂學士、在美國俄亥奧州立大學及辛辛納堤大學主修風琴、合唱指揮博士;是耶魯大學崇拜及禮儀學學者﹐前香港建道神學院聖樂系主任,現為聖樂資源中心創辦人,香港聖樂促進會創會董事。

這聖樂與崇拜研究碩士課程的主要重點是在「探入教會音樂事奉的哲學與神學課題、音樂在崇拜中的角色效能、崇拜在教會的事奉職能中的位置、禮儀在信仰建設上的角色、舊約聖經如先知書及詩篇對現在教會崇拜的啟示、崇拜中神如何與子民進入相遇與對話、聖餐與神學的互動關係、回歸崇拜的核心:宏觀的上帝故事、主教導的禱文-教會被邀進入這對話的範式!這裡充份將聖樂、崇拜、禮儀、神學互動整合起來,思考教會聖樂與崇拜牧養的宏觀企劃路向。」

特別是在序言中,譚博士一針見血地指出現時許多華人教會的現況:

「教會領袖們若要在聖樂與崇拜中為全會眾做規劃,需要對其核心原素有一定的掌握,站於某個高度進行全面的策劃、建設、盤點與管理,使會眾成為發揮恩賜應有的功效、無愧的祭司群體,如日日常新的陳設餅獻在神前,這責任實在是任重道遠!華人教會在這方面仍是未開墾的荒田,在聖樂與崇拜思考和實踐上的淺薄相比於近年神學教育的蓬勃發展立見荒謬:神學與實踐割離、信仰與生活分隔、信心與行為無關!何時我們才能回歸『如此相信,所以如此說話』,使信仰的真實能『道成肉身』?」

華人教會在音樂與崇拜方面投放的資源一向太少,建聖殿時投放的資源相信最具體的就是聖堂的樂器了。可笑的是大多數會眾都不知道電風琴是為整個敬拜群體而設的,用以承托和引領全會眾在神面前以全人、全身投入作為祭獻!無論建堂費用多龐大、樂器有多貴重,隨後教會的聖樂人材培育都較被動落後,極之吝嗇和缺乏遠見,可見會眾就更被動和可憐了!在神學院教學時,我經常遇上神學生對自己身體——從上帝領受的貴重樂器和恩賜作非常負面的批評,還未學習、未下任何功夫、未操練過就已經立定心意放棄了!細問之下,他們在教會的音樂與崇拜經驗全是負面的。他們在教會成長時,作為幼小苗兒就缺乏栽培養育,作為會眾亦被輕忽、低估。

這說明一個事實:基督教會眾群體的基礎聖樂與崇拜的教育薄弱,對聖樂與崇拜的牧養意識非常陌生,在大環境的影響下動搖了崇拜的定位,「真正拜父」變成唯心與憑個人感覺崇拜不斷地被私有化,忽略「崇拜群體」透過禮儀行為認知那大於自我的群體是被充滿萬有者所充滿的「教會」。大多數的教會都不以為意,既有妄想從沒有栽種的地方收割,也不在意這在聖樂與崇拜牧養上的輕忽會帶來的惡果。想到這些在聖樂與崇拜中缺食缺氧的準教牧將來會為華人教會帶來怎樣的崇拜牧養,怎能不叫人心焦如焚,為神殿的事牽腸掛肚?若是瞎子領瞎子,怕都要掉在坑裡! 基督教聖樂與崇拜文化的核心價值將無法得到承傳!」

筆者特別希望讀者留意最後一句話,「大多數的教會都不以為意,既有妄想從沒有栽種的地方收割,也不在意這在聖樂與崇拜牧養上的輕忽會帶來的惡果。想到這些在聖樂與崇拜中缺食缺氧的準教牧將來會為華人教會帶來怎樣的崇拜牧養,怎能不叫人心焦如焚,為神殿的事牽腸掛肚?」

不勞而獲是妄想。我們不下苦功並且不注意聖樂與崇拜牧養上的重要性但我們希望它能為我們服務,這是不勞而獲。

當準教牧們還在神學院接受訓練時,十分需要接受基督教崇拜訓練。不過可惜,大部分在加拿大的主流神學院和那些華人神學院的訓練非常有限。畢業生往往缺乏關於基督教崇拜的基本概念。 此外,沒有教授如何設計和組織禮拜服務(包括婚禮、葬禮等)的培訓。

此外,許多神學院課程以互聯網教授的課程及許多牧師﹐現在沒有機會與其他更有經驗的牧師一起工作,現時系統缺乏通過觀察提供建議和學習的指導。所以,目前的制度並沒有滿足教會的需要。

明天如何?明天的收成在於今天的努力。聖樂與崇拜的事奉並不是屬靈工程師的工作,而是戰戰兢兢的負責祭司的工作。你為神殿的事心焦如焚和牽腸掛肚嗎?你有為聖樂與崇拜事奉的呼召嗎?

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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