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【特稿】聖經真理的重尋(58)

 

勝利之路(一)(馬太福音第廿六章1至16節)

自從主騎驢榮耀進耶京那天,已踏入祂在世上最後的一週,那天正是禮拜日,跟著的禮拜一,祂作了末次潔淨聖殿的舉動,又咒詛不結實的無花果樹(太21:18,可11:12-14)。禮拜二那天,除了被咒詛的樹枯乾了(太21:20-22,可11:20-26),主又為耶路撒冷嘆息(太23:37-39)﹔稱讚寡婦的奉獻(可12:41-44,路21:1-4)﹔預言自己過兩天被釘十字架(太26:1-5,可14:1-4,路22:1-2):馬利亞用香膏膏主(太26:6-13,可14:3-9,約12:2-8),她是為主安葬的(12節),與另外一個不記名婦人膏主之事件不同(路7:36-50),那位婦人是為了罪被赦免而表示愛主之心。

勝利之路(二)(馬太福音第廿六章17至29節)

(續昨)最後,這天猶大見大祭司洽商賣主了(太26:14-16,可14:10-11,路22:3-6),如果貪心是猶大背叛主的理由,這就是歷史上貪愛金錢所造成最可怕後果的例子。主耶穌在世上最後一週的禮拜三並沒有任何活動,似是為禮拜四的逾越節晚餐作準備:(1) 在逾越節晚餐前的準備是奇妙的,當十二門徒都到齊,主就在席上宣佈他們中間有一個要賣祂,而祂自己必要去世(太26:17-25,可14:12,路22:7-18,21-30,約13:18-30)。(2) 在晚餐前主親自替門徒洗腳(約13:1-17)為的是給門徒作榜樣。(3) 在席上,拿起餅和葡萄酒設立聖餐,並吩咐今後以此聖禮記念祂(太26:26-29,可14:22-25,路22:19-20)。

勝利之路(三)(馬太福音第廿六章30節至第廿七章10節)

(續昨)那一天,主又為門徒和屬祂的人禱告(約17:1-26),在整個禱告中,祂為自己(1-8節)、為門徒(9-19節)及為教會(20-26節)禱告,主對我們的期望乃是:「父怎樣差我到世上,我也照樣差他們(跟隨祂的人)到世上,我為他們的緣故,自己分別為聖,叫他們也因真理成聖。」今日經文是禮拜五,主傷心的禱告,被跟隨了祂三年的猶大用親嘴作暗號使祂被捉拿,其他門徒也離棄了主(太26:30, 36-56,可14:26, 32-52,路22:39-54,約18:1-12)。在主禱告時,門徒竟都睡著了,以致祂提醒他們:「總要儆醒禱告,免得入了迷惑,你們心靈固然願意,肉體卻軟弱了」(41節),我們也當常常儆醒禱告。

勝利之路(四)(馬太福音第廿七章11至32節)

主被捉拿後,在猶太人領袖前受審(1節,可15:1,路22:66-71),在這時刻,勇於自我表達的彼得竟三次不認主(太26:69-75,可14:66-72,路22:55-62,約18:25-27),後來他想起主事前對他們說的一番話(路22:31, 32)使他餘下的日子活得更有見證。而猶大的悲劇(3-10節),乃是錯誤估計自己的計劃。我們決不能利用主來達到我們自己的目的,我們必須把自己交在祂的手中,讓祂憑自己的旨意使用我們。主耶穌被帶到羅馬官員前受審(2,11-26節,可15:1-15,路23:1-25,約18:28至19:16),只要看看彼拉多和希律的你推我讓,就知道他們查不出主耶穌有什麼罪,而彼拉多夫人打發人給他的忠告(19節)更加證實了這一點。

勝利之路(五)(馬太福音第廿七章33至66節)

(續昨)彼拉多用消極的方法(24節)處理主耶穌受審的事,而可憐且可悲的百姓竟說出了承擔後果的話(25節)。其後,主被帶到各各他釘十字架,當我們提及這事件,好像時間過得很快,馬可則記載得很精確:主耶穌在上午九時被釘(15:25),而在下午三時死了(15:34)。換而言之,祂在十字架上懸掛了六個小時,直到黃昏前有亞利馬太的約瑟去見彼拉多,求將主的身體領去葬在一個新的墳墓裡,而兵丁則奉命嚴嚴看守墳墓。禮拜六黃昏後,首先到墳墓去看的是幾位愛主的婦女(太28:1,可16:1),她們親眼看見主復活戰勝死亡的威榮(28:2-4),天使告訴她們為此要相信、要宣揚主已經復活了、要歡樂(28:5-8)。

勝利之路(六)(馬太福音第廿八章1至15節)

(續昨)彼得和約翰也不甘後人地奔往主耶穌的墳前(路24:12,約20:2-10),兵丁也將親眼看見主復活的事實向祭司長報告(11-15節)。在主復活後四十日中,主耶穌先後向馬利亞、以馬忤斯的兩個門徒、向十個跟隨了祂三年的門徒、多疑的多馬、在提比哩亞海邊的門徒顯現(9-15節,可16:9-14,路24:13-49,約20:11至21:23),並且曾經一時向五百多個弟兄顯現(林前15:6)。主復活了,成為睡了的人初熟的果子,祂戰勝了死亡,使凡「口裡認耶穌為主,心裡信上帝叫祂從死裡復活,就必得救」(羅10:9)。我們不單只享受了這救恩,也要學習在主復活那天像愛主的婦女們一般地歡樂、宣揚主已經復活了。

主的使命(馬太福音第廿八章16至20節﹔馬可福音第十六章15至20節)

主耶穌在復活後四十日就升天了,雖然有些門徒仍心硬不信(17節),路加注意到主再一次的訓勉(路24:44-46)。故他們都異口同聲提醒我們作基督徒的使命:「我們知道祂的見証是真的」(約21:24),「耶穌進前來對他們說:『天上地下所有的權柄都賜給我了,所以你們要去,使萬民作我的門徒,奉父子聖靈的名給他們施洗,凡我所吩咐你們的,都教訓他們遵守,我就常與你們同在,直到世界的末了。』」(18-20節)今天,你要熟記這三節經文,並請細心查閱馬可福音16:15-18及路加福音24:47-49。現在,你對主的一生應該已有了清楚的認識。我們要肩負起主的使命,努力為主打那美好的仗(可16:19, 20)。

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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