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【特稿】聖經真理的重尋(81)

 

教牧書信(提摩太前書第一章)

《提摩太前書》、《提摩太後書》及《提多書》,此三卷書在格式和內容上息息相關,所言都論到教牧的職事和教會的事務,故有「教牧書信」之稱。《提摩太前書》是指示提摩太在以弗所一帶教會事工上的責任,第一章一開始就指出以弗所純正教義所面對的危機(3-11節),繼而說明見證純正教義所帶來的果效(12-17節)。「這話是可信的」,只在「教牧書信」中出現,共有四次之多(1:15,4:9、提後2:11、多3:8),都與主耶穌的救恩或信徒之靈性操練有關。他囑咐提摩太關於作上帝僕人對純正福音應有的責任(18-20節):「我兒提摩太阿!我照從前指著你的預言,將這命令交託你,叫你因此可以打那美好的仗。」

為萬人求(提摩太前書第二章)

《提摩太前書》第二章論及兩種場合的禱告:(一)教會敬拜中的禱告(1-7節):「我勸你第一要為萬人求(request)、禱告、代求(intercession)、祝謝(thanksgiving)」﹐要為萬人求,特別為那些在位掌權者求,好叫基督徒可以過敬虔端正平安的日子,並將主耶穌的救贖傳揚。(二)個人的禱告(8-15節):弟兄要手潔心清地隨時隨地禱告,姊妹則要沉靜學道,一味順服。「我不許女人講道,也不許她......」(12節),大概因當日在一些家庭中妻子先信主,卻在家中常向丈夫「講道」之故。第15節的意思是「本來生產是辛苦的,現卻成她得救之源,她的得救在於做個好母親,這樣她就能超脫自己達到上帝面前」。

教會職事(提摩太前書第三章)

《提摩太前書》第三章論及教會中兩種職事:(一)監督的職事(1-7節):首先他要有心志作監督傳福音(1節「羨慕善工」),然後再加上四方面的條件:在家中和教會中善於管理、善於教導、善於理財,並能代表教會向外的工作。(二)執事的職事(8-13節):要誠實、端正、無不良嗜好、不貪財、守真道。第13節的意思是「與上帝並與人的關係上應當有美好的名聲和大有保證」。第16節是古教會一首「有關主耶穌」的聖詩,唱出:(1)祂就是上帝肉身的顯現;(2)祂被稱義;(3)祂在地上生活;(4)聖靈保守祂不犯罪;(5)祂復活了;(6)祂被天使看見;(7)世人信服祂;(8)祂升天了。這是主耶穌救贖大功之奧秘。

信徒榜樣(提摩太前書第四章)

《提摩太前書》第四章論及假師傅的出現(1-5節),保羅用有力的言詞去形容那些傳假道的教師(2節),第3節說明「禁慾主義」在當時大行其道,諾斯底主義及愛色尼派都犯一個錯誤:他們認為物質是邪惡的,一切肉體的快樂都是罪。其實「凡上帝所造的物都是好的,若感謝著領受,就沒有一樣可棄的。都因上帝的道和人的祈求,成為聖潔了」(4,5節)。但基督徒也必須在敬虔上好好操練(7,8節)。保羅提醒提摩太,(1)在言語、行為、愛心、信心、清潔上,要作信徒的榜樣;(2)尊重自己曾被按立的職分;(3)牧養群羊全神貫注;(4)謹慎自己所教導的。這樣,「又能救自己,又能救聽你的人」(16節)。

加倍敬奉(提摩太前書第五章)

接續上一章保羅對提摩太的囑咐,告訴他身為牧者牧養範圍之廣闊:(一)牧者對老弱肢體的關顧(1,2節),不可嚴責,要視之如家人。(二)牧者對寡婦的關顧(3-16節),其中真寡婦,是指獨居無依、仰賴上帝及晝夜不斷祈求的婦人(5節)。至於對傳道人(17節「長老」、在《新約聖經》中,除在極少例外的情況下,長老、執事、監督、牧師、教師、傳福音的......均指傳道人):(1)在生活需要上,「當受應被尊重的加倍敬奉」(17,18節);(2)若有犯錯,要謹慎處理(19-21節,參太18:15-17),「不可存成見,行事也不可偏心」(21節);(3)不可急促按立牧師。可見不可使用世界的方法處理上帝家中的事工。

持定永生(提摩太前書第六章

接續上一章,(三)牧者對作別人僕人的教導(1,2節),服事信主的主人要更加注意,不要以他為"弟兄"而不把他當作主人。其後,保羅論及牧者自己應有的修養(3-21節):(1)切忌不適當的動機(3-10節),以不因貪財而離真道作準則,「只要有衣有食,就當知足」(8節);(2)持守自己行在正道上(11-16節),「你要為真道打那美好的仗,持定永生,你為此被召,也在許多見證人面前,已經作了美好的見證」(12節);(3)要忠心到底(17-21節),要提醒富足的人不因財富自高,不要以財物作倚靠,要在錢財上作好管家,藉好行為為自己積成美好的根基。可見牧者的責任何其大啊!

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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