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Home本期文章藏族福音事工的先驅--克省悟(3)

【福音與中華】藏族福音事工的先驅--克省悟(3)

 

編序:前不久有國內的親人轉來這篇在 "保羅的小站"
https://wemp.app/accounts/532d0f39-acad-4770-9c25-277203c4c6d9上刊登的文章,我感到非常驚喜,因為這正是發生在我的家鄉及週邊地區的事情,多年來我一直想了解基督教在我家鄉傳播的起始及發展,也想了解我母親生前從而得救,並且多年參與事奉的那間教會的建立和演變的過程。這篇文章正提供很多相關資訊。文章內容來自克省悟牧師的傳記:《藏族人的使徒——克省悟》(William Christie, Apostle to Tibet)一書,但由於篇幅太大,不適合本欄目全部刊出,所以我作了節選和編輯,好讓各位讀者能夠了解梗概。

第二扇通往藏區之門:建立不久即被搗毀的保安宣教站
譯文:小保羅

1899年,在保安(今青海省同仁縣保安鎮),三名年輕人——僖德生(Mr. and Mrs. George Shields)夫婦和杰西•麥克佩斯(Jessie MacBeth)護士,身陷險境。在漢藏交界處,宣教士們對於流行病、盜匪襲擊和回民叛亂早就習以為常,但這次危險與之前不同。位於藏區的保安對白人充滿敵意,對福音也是封閉的。他們當時正在做一個勇敢的嘗試——在這裡建立宣教前哨,撬開喇嘛之國的大門。

 

China 1

青海省同仁縣(保安鎮所在地)

 

喇嘛們對這些異己者懷恨在心,只在等一個借口把他們趕出去。恰逢一次嚴重的旱災使庄稼和牧場受損嚴重,喇嘛們終於得到一個好機會。他們挑唆道:「這些不虔誠的外國人惹動了神明的怒氣,造成這場災害。」保安附近12個部落怒氣填膺,頭人們做出決定:必須摧毀那個宣教站。

 

China 3

位於保安的著名藏傳佛教格魯派寺廟——隆務寺

註:隆務寺是安多藏區僅次於拉卜楞寺和塔爾寺的第三大寺

 

克省悟碰巧在這個時候來到保安。在位於漢區邊界的洮州,一位宣教士生病了,急需麥克佩斯護士過去幫忙。保安到洮州有二百多公里的路程,常有盜賊出沒,所以克省悟特地趕來護送。

 

China 2

保安到洮州的路線

 

在傍晚時分抵達的克省悟十分疲憊。作為休息,他高興地與保安的宣教士們邊喝茶邊聊天。正在這時,一群藏族暴徒沖進庭院,駭人地大聲吼叫。

三位年輕宣教士當時只能說幾句簡單的漢語和藏話,難以應付這樣的局面。時年 29 歲的克省悟已來華7年,精通漢語和藏語,也熟悉當地的宗教信仰和文化習俗。於是,他立刻作為代表去見那群人。克省悟很快就明白過來:那 12 個部落將旱災歸咎於宣教士,並打算殺掉他們。

人群的喧嚷使談話難以正常進行。但克省悟用背抵住房門,盡最大努力說服他們冷靜下來。他先用藏話與這群暴民理論,同時用漢話命令他的僕人向中國駐軍尋求幫助。一邊用藏話辯論,一邊用英語大聲告訴年輕宣教士們目前的危險,讓他們禱告,並預備在遭受攻擊的情況下進行自衛。

在不間斷地用三種語言進行斡旋的同時,克省悟猛然發現一張熟悉的面孔。原來,這人曾路過洮州的宣教站,克省悟款留他過夜。作為回報,他也在藏族帳篷中接待過克省悟。

克省悟很解藏人的習俗,就向他的藏族朋友表明身份,並要求他出手相助。他堅持說,根據藏人的傳統,他的朋友不僅不該參加這次襲擊,而且還應當盡全力阻止它。

藏族朋友的介入使事情的發展方向產生變化。這位從前與克省悟友善的藏人發現撫慰這群暴怒的同胞絕非易事。他一人的好客之道與眾人的仇恨相爭,雙方都覺得自己作為藏族人的榮耀事關重大。但至少在那天,復仇的計劃屈從於好客的傳統,騷亂平息下去了。

在官府的軍隊到來之前,克省悟成功地拯救了年輕宣教士們的性命。第二天,護士姊妹和她的護送者啟程趕赴洮州,僖德生夫婦則繼續留在保安。

盡管克省悟的朋友當天幫了很大的忙,但藏人復仇的要求仍未得到滿足。接下來的幾周時間是在令人不安的平靜中度過的。終於,在 5 月 25 日,一個晴朗的夏日,大約 200 名全副武裝的藏族人聚集在保安的北大門。漢族朋友們立刻提醒僖德生夫婦:麻煩要來了!這對夫妻先把家門堵上,然后就將自己的性命交託給上帝了。

對於這場將要來到的襲擊,當地官府的軍隊沒有坐視不管。他們迅速從宣教站後門將這對年輕夫婦救出,送往衙署保護。幾乎在他們撤離的同時,十幾個匪徒翻過宣教站的院牆,到處搜查。因為沒有抓到人,暴徒們把宣教站的房屋砸爛,搶走院內的馬匹,毀壞了其他財物。

本次襲擊的暴力行徑說明暴徒們第一次來的謀殺威脅並不是一句空話。在那個緊要關頭,洮州的宣教士可能只是碰巧需要一名護士幫忙。但那天克省悟到保安迎接護士姊妹,是出於上帝奇妙的護理,絕非是偶然的。

克省悟的到來正當其時,他的品質也出類拔萃。接下來的許多年裡,這些品質使他成為一名優秀的宣教士領袖,在一整代人的時間裡對藏族宣教工作做出重大貢獻。那時的克省悟正在成長為一名「藏族人的使徒」。

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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