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Home本期文章「齊神家篇」-- 危機、契機、轉機

【RESTART (Ctrl + Alt + Del)】「齊神家篇」-- 危機、契機、轉機

 

誰會想到極之微小的新型冠狀病毒,竟然將全世界翻轉!全球確診和死亡人數每天激增,封關和封城相繼出現,經濟重創,疫情讓全世界都慢下來。藉此短文,反思嚴峻的疫情對教會和牧養的衝擊,讓這危機轉化成為一個契機,帶來教會更新的轉機。

1. 領袖角色的轉移:由權力領袖至僕人領袖

原來「小」的影響力是可以那麽巨大,這豈不是聖經所教導似非而是的真理嗎?人性有一種傾向就是重大輕小,在一些所謂小事上,苟且隨便,敷衍塞責。聖經說:「人在最小的事上忠心,在大事上也忠心;在最小的事上不義,在大事上也不義。」(路16:10) 耶穌為「小孩」祝福 (太19:13) 、看重那窮寡婦兩個「小錢」的奉獻 (可12:42-43) 、強調芥菜種那樣「小的信心」 (太13:31-32) 、賞賜那些服事「弟兄中一個最小的」 (太26: 40) 、教導門徒「誰願為大,就必作你們的用人;誰願為首,就必作眾人的僕人。」(可10:43-44)

耶穌以身作則活出「小」的真理,祂本是至尊榮、至偉大的上帝,但衪卻活出至虛己、至卑微的樣式,並且「存心順服,以至於死,且死在十字架上。」(腓 2:8) 衪說:「人子來,並不是要受人的服事,乃是要服事人,並且要捨命作多人的贖價。」(可10:45) 耶穌的言談身教樹立領袖美好的榜樣,不是要爭上位、爭做大,乃是從「大」權力領袖虛己成為一個「小」僕人領袖,甘願付出、犧牲和愛去服事更多的人。

2. 教會觀的轉移:由狹窄的教會觀至廣濶的國度觀

這新型冠狀病毒帶來前所未有的巨大影響,教會實體的崇拜、團契...等被迫暫停,教堂關閉了,但教會仍在!因為教會的原意不是一座有形的建築物,乃是在基督裡蒙救贖的群體。在疫情下,教會已經不再局限在四幅牆之內,乃在多元化的廣濶網絡平台上。

若能放下狹窄的教會觀,不只單顧自己教會的發展,乃是以擴展神的國度為中心,必能影響社區和世界。再思大使命的核心信息:「使萬民作主的門徒」,擴濶屬靈的視野,努力推動普世差傳和本地福音事工。

3. 教會使命的轉移:由傳揚福音至培訓門徒

疫情攔阻了實體的聚會,但卻不能使人與基督的愛隔絕 (羅8:35-37) 。通訊科技能夠幫助人克服社交距離的障礙,但令人產生彼此關懷的意願,卻不是先進的科技,乃是在基督愛裡的彼此相愛、相交和分享。

昔日跟隨主的門徒,「他們原是沒有學問的小民」(徒4:13),他們沒有現代化的資訊科技,也不懂植堂大計。然而,他們卻能翻天覆地,廣傳福音,建立教會。因為這些「小民」倚靠聖靈的能力,專一信靠主,「主與他們同在,信而歸主的人就很多了。」(徒 11:21) 今天,教會的使命不單是傳揚福音,理應是培訓門徒;孕育一羣專一信靠主的「小民」。

4. 牧養模式的轉移:由事工導向至建立人導向

面對疫症的衝擊,全球都關注確診和死亡的人數,努力搶救確診的人。耶穌在世所關注的是人,「他看見許多的人,就憐憫他們」(太 9:36);「他就設立十二個人,要他們常和自己同在,也要差他們去傳道」(可 3:14) 。耶穌的事奉就是要建立人,衪要建立一羣委身的門徒,遵從大使命,訓練別人成為門徒的人。

教會所關注的也應該是人,人比任何方法都重要。神不斷地尋找更好的人,完成祂的工作,不論是摩西、約書亞、保羅.....。教會要不斷地成長和增長,就要培訓屬靈領袖。健康的屬靈領袖才能建立健康的教會,健康的教會就是增長的教會。當我們建立人,神就建立教會。

5. 事奉模式的轉移:由個人事奉至團隊配搭

若今次抗疫成功,這不是單靠一己的努力,乃是全球齊心配合的成果。活在西方個人主義澎湃的社會,聖經却強調羣體的重要性。「我們各人蒙恩,都是照基督所量給各人的恩賜......為要成全聖徒,各盡其職,建立基督的身體。」(弗 4:7,12)

聖經指出信徒都有不同的恩賜,彼此配搭,各盡其職,建立教會。團隊的配搭是帶著異象和使命,信靠神的能力,努力實踐大使命,擴展神國。團隊配搭的事奉是會帶來美好的果效,信徒得到造就和建立,並且一同快樂和感恩,教會也會漸漸地增長。(弗 4:16)

 

(梁海華博士,加拿大華人神學院溫哥華院長)

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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